31 October 2012: Industrial relations and working conditions developments in Europe 2011 [or view as size 2886 kb]
This annual review describes the developments in industrial relations and working conditions in 2011 in the EU Member States and Norway, at both national and EU level, with a focus on the economic situation and responses to it. The report describes the current economic situation in EU Member States and highlights relevant political and legislative developments in individual countries. It describes labour market trends in Europe and developments in career and employment security, health and well-being at work, skills development and work–life balance. It also examines changes in the organisation and role of social partners, developments in collective bargaining (at cross-sectoral, sectoral and company levels), working time, pay developments, social dialogue developments, industrial conflicts and company restructuring in 2011. At European level, the report summarises the main events over the course of 2011, charting trends in European social policy, employment legislation and social dialogue.
18 September 2012: Pay developments – 2011 [or view as size 428 kb]
According to EIRO’s annual analysis of pay trends, average collective agreed nominal pay increases in 2011 did not differ greatly from 2010 in most of the 13 countries with available data. Most variations ranged between 0.1 and 0.4 percentage points, except for Portugal, Malta and non-EU member Norway where the highest reductions in nominal pay increases took place. In most Member States, the nominal increases agreed for 2011 did not compensate for the rise in prices. The report also examines collectively agreed pay increases in three selected sectors (chemicals, retail and civil service). The civil service sector stands out particularly as one in which a significant number of countries registered pay freezes or cuts. The effects of the recession on wage setting are still being felt throughout the European Union and all the evidence points to the continuation of very modest pay increases, freezes and cuts.
16 August 2012: Working time developments – 2011 [or view as size 1.07 mb]
In 2011, average collective agreed weekly working time in the European Union stood at 38.1 hours. The working week was on average 30 minutes shorter in the pre-2004 EU15 countries and over 1 hour and 30 minutes longer in the new Member States. Agreed normal annual working time averages nearly 1,720 hours in the European Union as a whole – 1,686 hours in the EU15 and over 1,830 hours in the new Member States. Of the three sectors examined, retail recorded the longest average agreed normal weekly working hours with 38.3 hours, followed by the chemicals sector with 37.9 hours and the civil service with 37.6 hours. The average collectively agreed paid annual leave entitlement stood at 25.3 days across the EU, being slightly higher in the EU15 countries (26.7 days) and considerably lower in the new Member States (20.8 days).