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NORDIC INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS MODEL

FINLAND
POHJOISMAINEN TYƖMARKKINAMALLI [NORDISK ARBETSMARKNADSMODELL]
NORDIC INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS MODEL

Name used to refer to the industrial relations system which prevails in Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden and Iceland and which is characterized by the strong position of the collective organizations, a high union density and employers' organization rate and the key role of collective agreements. The Finnish system largely falls within the compass of the Nordic model, although it also has some distinctive characteristics of its own. Alongside the corporatist dominance of the collective organizations, the Nordic model also features a special tripartite Labour Court that includes, in addition to impartial judges, members respectively enjoying the confidence of the unions and the employers' organizations. The role of the labour-market confederations has also been significant. Industrial relations have incorporated, particularly in Finland, tripartism through centralized agreements. Unlike in continental Europe, the Constitution and fundamental rights have not occupied a very central position. Instead, labour legislation enacted by Parliament represents, with the possible exception of Denmark, an important source of law. See corporatism, right to organize, trade union movement.)



Please note: the European industrial relations glossaries were compiled between 1991 and 2003 and are not updated. For current material see the European industrial relations dictionary.

Page last updated: 14 August, 2009