Although every contract must be performed in good faith, the meaning of this requirement in the context of employment relationships is controversial, given the complexity of reconciling the duty of loyalty on the one hand with, on the other, the responsibility for taking the initiative incumbent on certain employees such as professional and managerial staff and the freedom of expression. Professional and managerial staff who make their disagreement with the enterprise's top management publicly known are sometimes subjected to sanctions. Yet it could not be claimed that they are under any obligation to evince constant agreement with its policies. Also known as "fidélité".
Please note: the European industrial relations glossaries were compiled between 1991 and 2003 and are not updated. For current material see the European industrial relations dictionary.