Range of measures adopted by the State to safeguard and improve the employment of the human factor. The aim of a social policy in the sphere of employment is not only the deployment of the existing economically active population but also the humanization of working conditions, i.e. improvement of the quality of employment. In Greece, state concern for employment matters was first demonstrated by the institution of benefits in the event of unemployment . Subsequently, the State pursued a more active employment policy by attempting to exert control over the labour market in order to balance labour supply and demand. Since 1969, employment policies have mainly been pursued through the Labour Force Employment Organization ( OAED ). This agency studies the labour market and intervenes for the deployment and placement of the unemployed. In cases where individuals have to move away from their permanent place of residence, their removal expenses are paid. The OAED's intervention in the labour market also includes funding for job creation in the context of local authorities and the private sector. It is also responsible for vocational guidance, technical education and training, re-training of the labour force and the training and occupational rehabilitation of individuals with impaired capabilities (e.g. subsidizing employers for the ergonomic adaptation of workplaces for the handicapped). See temporary employment subsidies .
Please note: the European industrial relations glossaries were compiled between 1991 and 2003 and are not updated. For current material see the European industrial relations dictionary.