Name used to refer to trade unions which are a pure formality, set up in the same area where one already functions regularly. They are also known as "rubber-stamp" unions. Their purpose is to possess the title of "trade union" (which confers rights to funding) and to be seen as an expression and manifestation of a certain political faction in the trade union sphere. This negative phenomenon is tending to decrease but has not disappeared completely from Greek trade unionism.
Please note: the European industrial relations glossaries were compiled between 1991 and 2003 and are not updated. For current material see the European industrial relations dictionary.