Industrial action is any action taken by a trade union, workers , or by an employer in the course of a dispute. The term is sometimes used to mean "strike" , but in fact it encompasses a significant number of other forms of action, including a "go-slow", overtime ban, "work to rule" , and so forth.
In section 8 of the Industrial Relations Act 1990 , industrial action is defined as "any action which affects, or is likely to affect, the terms or conditions, whether express or implied, of a contract and which is taken by any number or body of workers acting in combination or under a common understanding as a means of compelling their employer, or to aid other workers in compelling their employer, to accept or not to accept terms or conditions of or affecting employment."
Please note: the European industrial relations glossaries were compiled between 1991 and 2003 and are not updated. For current material see the European industrial relations dictionary.