EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change

Women’s labour market participation in the European Union

Women’s labour market participation in the European Union has increased over recent decades. In 2014, women comprised almost 46% of people active in the EU labour market. Nevertheless, women’s participation rates are still systematically lower than those of men in almost all Member States. The new report Gender employment gap: Challenges and solutions explores the main characteristics and the evolution of gender gaps in labour market participation, employment and economic status. The report analyses both the economic loss to the EU of the gender gap in employment and also the broader social effects of women’s participation in the labour market. The study also provides an overview and assessment of the effectiveness of policy measures promoting the labour market participation of women in six Member States (Denmark, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Sweden and the United Kingdom), drawing attention to particularly successful and innovative cases.

Updated October 2016