EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change

Tackling undeclared work

Undeclared work can be defined as work which is in itself legal but is not declared to the authorities for tax, social security and/or labour law purposes. Across the 28 Member States of the European Union, a great deal of effort is being invested into developing and testing policy measures that aim to tackle undeclared work.

186 items found (page 1 of 19)

District employment services for domestic work, Spain

14 August 2013
  • Spain
  In the district of Nazaret in València, an employment office along with a range of other services were created several years ago for women working in domestic services. The initiative was supported by a number of institutions, mainly public and religious, and was managed by an association. The office and services have since evolved and are now offered in a more organised way, and to other groups and occupations. The initiative promotes the creation of employment and of formal work contracts.
  • Type of measure:

    Legitimising undeclared work

Social partner agreements to fight undeclared work, Germany

03 June 2013
  • Germany
  In 2004, the Federal Ministry of Finance and the social partners in the construction sector joined forces to fight undeclared work on construction sites. This first agreement was followed by similar agreements in other sectors. The two latest social partner agreements cover painters (2010) and the industrial textile services sector (2012), aimed at curbing the incidence of undeclared work through the exchange of information, regular visits to establishments checking for cases undeclared work and monitoring the adherence to minimum wages.  
  • Type of measure:

    Changing attitudes: awareness raising

Customer Liability and Fraud Prevention Acts, Austria

02 June 2013
  • Austria
  A variety of measures have been implemented in recent years in order to tackle social fraud practices in Austria, which have especially (but not exclusively) occurred in the construction sector. Two laws have recently been passed that make the subcontracting of ‘bogus’ companies more difficult. The 2009 Customer Liability Act targets construction companies subcontracting work to other companies. The 2011 Fraud Prevention Act aims to remove the unfair competitive advantage of some market players over others.  
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: improve detection, Prevention

Tax and other measures to reduce the public deficit, Spain

02 June 2013
  • Spain
  On 30 March 2012, Royal Decree Law 12/2012 introduced various tax and administrative measures aimed at reducing the public deficit. The new law establishes highly relevant modifications in taxation. Of the new tax measures introduced, the most noteworthy are those made in the Corporate Income Tax Law, particularly in relation to the deductibility of financial expenses. There is also a very relevant measure allowing taxpayers, both individuals and entities, to regularise past defaults. The group of measures approved includes many significant initiatives.  
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: increase penalties, Prevention

Joint alliance against the black economy, Norway

02 June 2013
  • Norway
  In 2008, Norway’s central social partners, the Ministry of Finance and the Tax Administration renegotiated an agreement obliging them to further develop their joint cooperation against the black economy. The alliance primarily engages in awareness-raising activities and provides companies, entrepreneurs, workers and consumers with information on the societal consequences of undeclared work and guidelines on how to follow tax rules through their websites, as well as popular educational programmes directed at young people.  
  • Type of measure:

    Changing attitudes: commitment to tax morality, Prevention

Measures to prevent undeclared work by subcontractors, France

02 June 2013
  • France
  Prior to 2011, main contractors had to demand documentation from subcontractors demonstrating that they did not employ illegal workers and fulfilled their obligations to pay social security contributions. Under the new law, the subcontractors now have to provide a certificate, provided by social security bodies, to show they fulfil their legal obligations to their employees and pay social security contributions.  
  • Type of measure:

    Prevention

Connecting fiscal devices to the National Revenue Agency, Bulgaria

02 June 2013
  • Bulgaria
  The severe drop in state revenues following the economic crisis of 2008 led to a renewed public interest in the undeclared work debate. Since 2008, Bulgaria has experienced high revenue losses and a higher level of tax evasion. To address this situation, the government decided to connect the fiscal devices of all trade entities with the computer system of the National Revenue Agency in real time. The measure aims to strengthen the government’s administration of taxes and curtail informal activities.  
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: improve detection

One-stop shop business registration, Croatia

02 June 2013
  • Croatia
 
  • Type of measure:

    Legitimising undeclared work, Prevention

Network Services project, Italy

02 June 2013
  • Italy
  This initiative was implemented in 2011–2012 with a view to preventing undeclared work in the Italian ‘convergence’ regions of Calabria, Campania, Puglia and Sicily. It involved a traineeship programme targeted at Italian and European citizens in the construction, tourism and agriculture sectors who were unemployed or inactive. The project provided some 1,700 two-month traineeships aimed at enhancing job prospects and promoting skills acquisition.  

New law on foreign workers, Turkey

02 June 2013
  • Turkey
  On 1 February 2012, a new law on the residence and travel of foreigners in Turkey came into force. This law brings to an end the so-called ‘visa runs’ by foreigners living in Turkey without a residency. For foreigners working in the undeclared economy in Turkey, this new law represents a significant obstacle to continuing their activities.   Background
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: improve detection, Deterrence: increase penalties

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