EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change

Tackling undeclared work

Undeclared work can be defined as work which is in itself legal but is not declared to the authorities for tax, social security and/or labour law purposes. Across the 28 Member States of the European Union, a great deal of effort is being invested into developing and testing policy measures that aim to tackle undeclared work.

186 items found (page 1 of 19)

District employment services for domestic work, Spain

14 August 2013
  • Spain
  In the district of Nazaret in València, an employment office along with a range of other services were created several years ago for women working in domestic services. The initiative was supported by a number of institutions, mainly public and religious, and was managed by an association. The office and services have since evolved and are now offered in a more organised way, and to other groups and occupations. The initiative promotes the creation of employment and of formal work contracts.
  • Type of measure:

    Legitimising undeclared work

Social partner agreements to fight undeclared work, Germany

03 June 2013
  • Germany
  In 2004, the Federal Ministry of Finance and the social partners in the construction sector joined forces to fight undeclared work on construction sites. This first agreement was followed by similar agreements in other sectors. The two latest social partner agreements cover painters (2010) and the industrial textile services sector (2012), aimed at curbing the incidence of undeclared work through the exchange of information, regular visits to establishments checking for cases undeclared work and monitoring the adherence to minimum wages.  
  • Type of measure:

    Changing attitudes: awareness raising

Joint alliance against the black economy, Norway

02 June 2013
  • Norway
  In 2008, Norway’s central social partners, the Ministry of Finance and the Tax Administration renegotiated an agreement obliging them to further develop their joint cooperation against the black economy. The alliance primarily engages in awareness-raising activities and provides companies, entrepreneurs, workers and consumers with information on the societal consequences of undeclared work and guidelines on how to follow tax rules through their websites, as well as popular educational programmes directed at young people.  
  • Type of measure:

    Changing attitudes: commitment to tax morality, Prevention

Connecting fiscal devices to the National Revenue Agency, Bulgaria

02 June 2013
  • Bulgaria
  The severe drop in state revenues following the economic crisis of 2008 led to a renewed public interest in the undeclared work debate. Since 2008, Bulgaria has experienced high revenue losses and a higher level of tax evasion. To address this situation, the government decided to connect the fiscal devices of all trade entities with the computer system of the National Revenue Agency in real time. The measure aims to strengthen the government’s administration of taxes and curtail informal activities.  
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: improve detection

One-stop shop business registration, Croatia

02 June 2013
  • Croatia
 
  • Type of measure:

    Legitimising undeclared work, Prevention

SMARTS student competition, Latvia

02 June 2013
  • Latvia
 
  • Type of measure:

    Changing attitudes: awareness raising

Tighter control over undeclared work, Slovakia

02 June 2013
  • Slovakia
 
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: improve detection, Deterrence: increase penalties

Customer Liability and Fraud Prevention Acts, Austria

02 June 2013
  • Austria
  A variety of measures have been implemented in recent years in order to tackle social fraud practices in Austria, which have especially (but not exclusively) occurred in the construction sector. Two laws have recently been passed that make the subcontracting of ‘bogus’ companies more difficult. The 2009 Customer Liability Act targets construction companies subcontracting work to other companies. The 2011 Fraud Prevention Act aims to remove the unfair competitive advantage of some market players over others.  
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: improve detection, Prevention

Measures to regularise and control undeclared work, Spain

02 June 2013
  • Spain
  Spain has a long-term problem with undeclared work, which led the former government (the Socialist Party, PSOE) to announce new legislation in order to regulate this situation. The plan was divided into two stages. The first stage granted an amnesty period, free of sanctions, allowing workers to regularise their work situation. In the second stage, more severe sanctions were imposed in an attempt to encourage employers to register their workers with the social security authorities.  
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: increase penalties, Legitimising undeclared work

Revenue Commissioners’ strategy on tax evasion, Ireland

02 June 2013
  • Ireland
  This measure concerns the activities of Ireland’s Revenue Commissioners in ensuring tax compliance during 2011, with a particular focus on its targeted ‘shadow economy’ activities. The activities targeted particular sectors and occupations such as construction, bars and restaurants, landlords/rental sector and white-collar professionals.  
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: improve detection

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