EurWORK European Observatory of Working Life


EurWORK articles cover working life in Europe, in particular the fields of industrial relations and working conditions. The articles are based on quarterly reporting provided by the network of European correspondents.

  • Topical updates summarise and update developments around selected topics, which are relevant across a number of Member States at the same time
  • Spotlight reports cover in more depth country-level events, debates and changes in regulation related to working life, aiming to provide a balanced view of all parties’ positions
  • Research in Focus articles report on important research findings (including surveys) from the national level, often, but not exclusively, in the area of working conditions
  • In brief articles are short news items drawn from the correspondents' quarterly reports
  • Country updates summarise developments at national level and are published 4 times a year

13318 items found
  • A vote of no confidence in the government, suspension of active labour market measures and problems with educational reforms are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Croatia in the second quarter of 2016.
  • Following the British referendum on 23 June, in which 51.9% of people voted to leave the European Union, social partners across most European countries have commented on the impact that the British exit will have on their countries or members. This topical update summarises their first reactions, in particular, in relation to working-life related issues.
  • In December 2015, the government accepted the last two decrees establishing a points scheme for arduous work and in June 2016 the Ministry of Labour gave the green light on its implementation. Employers claim the scheme will lead to job cuts while some unions have criticised certain aspects.
  • A recent article by the Foundation of Savings Banks highlights the vulnerable position of young Spanish people on the labour market, in terms of difficult access to employment, poor transition from education into work, high prevalence of precarious work, and lack of social protection rights.
  • In 2015, the second Estonian Work Life Survey was conducted by Statistics Estonia. This article describes some of the results of the survey, focusing on industrial relations and occupational health. The results showed that the collective agreement coverage rate as well as the level of employee representation is very low, as is employee awareness about the existence of their representatives.
  • According to the European Commission’s ‘Communication on a European agenda for a collaborative economy’, collaborative platforms have the potential to create new jobs, boost flexible working arrangements and result in new sources of income. While employers believe offers new opportunities, unions are concerned that micro enterprises and SMEs could be excluded from social and employment law.
  • Competence checks of refugees have shown that they are better qualified than was previously thought. However, a recent study has found that their chances of being employed are worse than for other migrant groups. The Public Employment Service has reserved €68 million for measures in 2016 targeted at their integration into the labour market.
  • ​A new census of the membership of employer organisations and trade unions, slow progress on reforms and macroeconomic imbalances, and protests and strikes in the health and security sectors are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Bulgaria in the first quarter of 2016.
  • A reduction in the number of public servants in Greece was a condition of the country’s loan agreements. However, trade unions have protested against the cuts while employers say the public sector is still too large.
  • Findings from a recent survey aim to capture national developments in the Czech Republic in the quality of working life. Results from the survey on the nature of work, job security, workers’ experiences of stress and its intensity, and the evaluation of different aspects of work are highlighted in this article.