EurWORK European Observatory of Working Life


EurWORK articles cover working life in Europe, in particular the fields of industrial relations and working conditions. The articles are based on quarterly reporting provided by the network of European correspondents.

  • Topical updates summarise and update developments around selected topics, which are relevant across a number of Member States at the same time
  • Spotlight reports cover in more depth country-level events, debates and changes in regulation related to working life, aiming to provide a balanced view of all parties’ positions
  • Research in Focus articles report on important research findings (including surveys) from the national level, often, but not exclusively, in the area of working conditions
  • In brief articles are short news items drawn from the correspondents' quarterly reports
  • Country updates summarise developments at national level and are published 4 times a year

13328 items found
  • ​A new census of the membership of employer organisations and trade unions, slow progress on reforms and macroeconomic imbalances, and protests and strikes in the health and security sectors are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Bulgaria in the first quarter of 2016.
  • A reduction in the number of public servants in Greece was a condition of the country’s loan agreements. However, trade unions have protested against the cuts while employers say the public sector is still too large.
  • Findings from a recent survey aim to capture national developments in the Czech Republic in the quality of working life. Results from the survey on the nature of work, job security, workers’ experiences of stress and its intensity, and the evaluation of different aspects of work are highlighted in this article.
  • Two decisions of the Supreme Court (Areios Pagos), that attribute liability to workers in workplace accidents and property damage, in the course of work, contrary to current labour law, constitute case-law since March 2015, establishing new facts in current labor rights and overturning vested interests of private employees.
  • The German national statutory minimum wage for international truck drivers has caused considerable controversy. Some Member States fear it will damage the competitiveness of companies sending drivers to destinations via Germany. However, it is important to find a balance between promoting the free movement of goods and ensuring appropriate protection for workers.
  • The European Commission has indicated the possibility of its reviewing and simplifying the existing directives on information and consultation. The European-level social partners have been consulted and have given their responses. Plans, however, appear to at least be on hold.
  • The Czech government has introduced several initiatives aimed at decreasing the gender pay gap in the education system which, although small at lower educational levels, increases with career advancement.
  • In preparation for the 2016 wage bargaining round, debates on how to reduce unemployment among low-skilled workers and new immigrants dominated the news in Sweden. Suggestions included lowering minimum wages and introducing so-called ‘simple jobs’. However, the debates had little impact on the overall wage increases agreed during the bargaining round.
  • A 2015 survey commissioned by the Association of Hungarian Physiotherapists finds that almost half of all workers aged over 35 years have experienced musculoskeletal pain; these musculoskeletal disorders account for 18% of cases of lengthy sick leave in the country.
  • The future of an EU Commission proposal to revise the posted workers Directive is now uncertain after 10 Member States opposed it. This has triggered a ‘yellow card’ procedure, which will require the Commission to review the text. Employers’ federation BusinessEurope supports the 10 Member States, but trade unions favour the proposal's guarantee of more equal treatment for workers.