|This overview report provides a typology of the potential approaches to and measures for tackling undeclared work. Such a resource could be used to provide a baseline against which the current approaches and measures used in the current 27 Member States of the European Union (EU27) can be assessed. The report looks specifically at the effectiveness of the policy measures used in five countries – Belgium, Denmark, Italy, Poland and the United Kingdom. The central finding is that EU countries currently remain heavily embedded in a ‘deterrence approach’, which seeks to increase the actual or perceived likelihood of detection and penalties.
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