Labour market

Overview

Labour market issues include employment, unemployment, participation rates and wages. In particular, in recent times, demographic changes have resulted in an increasingly ageing workforce, part of which is willing to take up paid work after retirement. Labour markets provide the structure through which workers and employers interact in relation to jobs, working conditions and pay.

Undeclared work is work which is in itself legal but is not declared to the authorities for tax, social security and/or labour law purposes. It has long been a focus of attention for policymakers in Europe. Eurofound has addressed the topic with a series of research initiatives and, in 2012, updated this knowledge-base with a wide-ranging research project on undeclared work in the EU and certain neighbouring countries.

Labour market outcomes are influenced by the institutions and processes of collective bargaining, including the roles played by employers' organisations and trade unions.

Eurofound monitors developments in pay, working time and quality of work and employment in the EU. It reports on labour market policies and conducts research on new forms of work organisation and employment, labour flexibility and trends in job creation and labour market mobility.

In the context of an ageing population and increasing demand for care services in the EU, there is growing concern about the supply of suitably qualified care workers. Eurofound researches strategies for employment in home-care services to meet current demands and future needs are researched.

One area of employment that is playing an increasingly important role in European social policy is childcare. Eurofound research has taken an in-depth look at childcare for schoolchildren. It details developments in employment and demonstrates good practices in the childcare sector.

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