08 December 2009
Working time policies, although designed within the national and sectoral framework and the boundaries of institutional regulations, are fine-tuned and implemented at the level of each company, taking account of the environment in which the company operates and the workforce it is employing. Hence, companies have placed more importance on working time organisation in recent years. In light of this, the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions launched in 2004 its first Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work–Life Balance (ESWT), covering a large array of working time arrangements such as flexible working hours, overtime, part-time work, work at unusual hours, childcare leave or other forms of long-term leave, and phased or early retirement.
17 June 2008
This report analyses the data from the Company Survey on Working Time 2004–2005 to address the issue of extended and unusual working hours, by exploring all aspects of what may be called ‘non-standard working hours’: the extension of working hours through overtime, working at ‘unusual’ times beyond traditional societal standards (such as the ‘9 to 5’ norm), and varying time schedules over the week, month or year involving ‘changing’ working hours. It examines in greater detail the incidence and effects of such working hours across countries, sectors and companies.
12 April 2007
This report presents a comparison of national industrial relations systems in the EU25, exploring the differences between individual systems and their effects on the economy. The report is based on the more detailed findings of a research project entitled ‘Quality of industrial relations: Comparative industrial relations country profiles in the EU Member States’, commissioned by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. The report summarises findings from the country profiles of the industrial relations features observed among each of the 25 EU Member States, which were compiled as part of the aforementioned project. The data include facts and figures, links to sources, along with an overview of the main industrial relations features, actors, processes and outcomes. The aim of the study is to provide a more comprehensive understanding, across national frontiers, of the various industrial relations systems across Europe.