18 September 2006
Immediately after the general elections in April 2006, an influential group of business associations issued a manifesto entitled ‘Agreement for our future’, seeking widespread reforms in order to restore competitiveness (*HU0605019I* ). However, the Confederation of Hungarian Employers and Industrialists (Magyar Gyáriparosok és Munkáltatók Szövetsége, MGYOSZ ) – arguably the largest employers’ confederation in the private sector – refused to join the manifesto and criticised its content. One of its comments was that it is inappropriate to call for tax reduction in times of budgetary crisis.  www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/employers-call-for-new-social-pact-to-bolster-economy  http://www.mgyosz.hu/progr/pr.php?fo=0&al=1
11 September 2006
A key aspect of the April 2006 general elections for many of the trade unions was whether the coalition government of the Hungarian Socialist Party (Magyar Szocialista Párt, MSZP ) and the Alliance of Free Democrats (Szabad Demokraták Szövetsége, SZDSZ ) – which are amenable to social dialogue – would remain in office, or whether the Alliance of Young Democrats–Hungarian Civic Party (Fiatal Demokraták Szövetsége–Magyar Polgári Szövetség, FIDESZ-MPSZ ) would return to office. The latter party had shown little interest in social dialogue, especially with the trade unions, when it led the right-wing government coalition between 1998 and 2002.  http://www.mszp.hu/  http://www.szdsz.hu/  http://www.fidesz.hu/
05 September 2006
On 2 March 2006, employees at the state-owned Hungarian Radio staged a two-hour warning strike. Since the broadcast was not interrupted during the strike, listeners were unaware of it. According to András Lázár, President of the Trade Union Federation of Postal and Telecommunications Workers (Postai és Hírközlési Dolgozók Szakszervezeti Szövetsége, PHDSZSZ ), the main reasons behind the warning strike were the planned dismissals and the closure of the radio station’s regional studios and foreign language editorial office. The trade union demanded a pay rise of 4.8% backdated to 1 January 2006 and an increase in the programme budget.  http://www.phdszsz-ftuhpce.hu/
10 July 2006
Imprudent budgetary policies over the past few years have led to serious imbalances in the Hungarian economy and to a significantly high budget deficit. Against this background, 16 chambers of commerce as well as business and employer organisations have called for increased cooperation between the newly elected government and the political parties concerning Hungary’s future.
26 June 2006
The state-owned Paks Nuclear Power Plant (Paksi Atomeromu, PA ), which employs 2,700 workers, is the largest Hungarian power plant. A total of four company trade unions at the plant are recognised as collective bargaining partners, including the Shiftworkers’ Interest Representation Organisation (Muszakos Dolgozók Érdekvédelmi Szervezete, MÉSZ), which has 600 members. In recent years, the four trade unions  joined forces to make their wage claims and negotiate the collective agreement within the framework of a Cooperation Council.  http://www.npp.hu/  www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/industrial-relations-dictionary/trade-unions
20 April 2006
The Suzuki plant, one of the biggest car assembly works in Hungary, was established in the city of Esztergom in 1992. Today, the plant produces the Ignis, Swift and the SX4 models for the European market and, in cooperation with Subaru and Fiat, it manufactures other models for these brands. In 2005, it produced 147,000 cars, employed 3,200 people, and the company indirectly provided work for an additional 30,000 workers through 360 supplier firms. According to company plans, it will manufacture 300,000 cars and employ 4,000 people in 2008.
28 February 2006
In February 2006, the Hungarian government submitted to parliament bills on the tripartite National Interest Reconciliation Council, the sectoral social dialogue committees and other aspects of social dialogue. The drafts, which have been endorsed by the social partners, give the operation of the various forums a legal basis and lay down criteria for trade union and employers' organisations to participate in the dialogue.
24 January 2006
According to the general rule set out in the Rome Convention on the law applicable to contractual obligations , parties to a contract may chose which country’s law they wish to be applied to international contractual obligations, including individual employment contracts. If the parties have not chosen a law, the contract should be governed: (a) by the law of the country in which the employee habitually carries out work in performance of the contract even if he or she is temporarily employed in another country; or (b) if the employee does not habitually carry out work in any one of the countries, by the law of the country where the business through which the employee is employed is situated, unless it is apparent from the circumstances that the contract is more closely connected with another country, in which case the contract shall be governed by the law of that country.  http://www.rome-convention.org/
10 January 2006
The issue of identifying 'bogus contracts' or 'sham civil law contracts' has a long tradition in Hungary (HU0310102F ). Currently both the Hungarian Labour Inspectorate (Országos Munkabiztonsági és Munkaügyi Felügyelet, OMMF ) and the Hungarian Tax and Financial Control Administration (Adó- és Pénzügyi Ellenőrzési Hivatal, APEH ) have the right to review employment related contracts in the course of their investigations, i.e. to decide whether an apparently civil law contract is in fact an employment contract. Nevertheless, except for a few provisions of the Civil Code and the Labour Code, up to presently this issue has been mostly left to labour law academics and to labour court practice, to a certain extent.  www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/new-provisions-tackle-bogus-contracts  http://www.ommf.hu/  http://www.apeh.hu/
10 January 2006
After the November central agreement at the National Interest Reconciliation Council (Országos Érdekegyeztető Tanács, OÉT), recommending a 4 to 5% gross wage increase for 2006 in the competitive sphere of the economy (i.e. in the private sector and state owned enterprises) (HU0512104F ), a series of public sector agreements has been reached by the end of the year.  www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/three-year-central-agreement-reached-on-minimum-wage-risesand-pay-policy-guidelines