04 March 2007
/În România, rata şomajului în rândul tinerilor este una dintre cele mai ridicate din Europa. Mai multe acte normative prevăd diferite măsuri de stimulare a ocupării în rândul tinerilor. Partenerii sociali sunt implicaţi doar parţial în fundamentarea şi implementarea acestor măsuri./
04 October 2006
This paper analyses the capacity of Romania’s social partners to effectively engage in social dialogue at various levels. The paper forms part of a wider, comparative project, managed by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (Ireland) and the Work Life Development Programme (Sweden). It is aimed at helping social partners in the 10 new EU Member States and the three acceding and candidate countries (Bulgaria, Romania, and Turkey) to build their capacity for social dialogue with a view to anticipating and managing change. The report concentrates on studying the organisational, financial, and personnel capacities of the national, central organisations of employers and trade unions for anticipating and managing change, anticipating future developments and implementing outputs.
11 April 2006
In late 2005, the Romanian government launched a public debate on a proposal to amend the 2001 Employers' Law to ensure more effective participation of employers in sectoral and national social dialogue. In January 2006, several employer organisations criticised the new legislative proposal, which they see as infringing certain fundamental rights as well as disregarding their views. Discussions are still ongoing and it is hoped that the government will approve the amendments soon while remaining as faithful as possible to the original provisions.
05 September 2005
On 18 August 2005, about 700 employees of stevedore Chimpex went on strike for an indefinite period of time, claiming a wage increase and higher redundancy pay. To persuade the company management to resume negotiations with the strikers, other trade unions intervened as did managers of others companies whose exports had been blocked by the strike.
10 July 2005
Romania’s National Agency for Equal Opportunities for Women and Men (ANES), established on 1 January 2005, commenced operations on 1 March. The new 2004 Equal Opportunities Law, whose regulations give employer and trade union organisations the necessary capabilities to promote a gender policy and to resolve cases of discrimination, provided for the setting up of this ground-breaking institution.
04 July 2005
Trade unions in Romanian agriculture have initiated protest actions, dissatisfied with the support given by the government to the sector and the effect that full restitution of land to former (pre-commmunist regime) owners will have on jobs in agriculture. The protests started out in the form of picketing outside the Ministry of Agriculture, Forests and Rural Development in April 2005 and continued with a protest march in June 2005. If the government does not invite them to participate in dialogue, trade unions have threatened to block the main customs points in July.
06 June 2005
At the end of April 2005, a labour dispute broke out at Coca Cola Romania, with employees claiming a 20% pay rise and the amendment of many articles of the former collective agreement. Prior to some other forms of protest, eight employees went on a hunger strike. Workers received support from trade union federations at sector and national level.
08 May 2005
In March 2005, civil service trade unions in Romania established a new federation, Alianţa Sed Lex, as part of a lengthy process of reorganisation aimed at achieving a structure that fits closely with the public administration system. Simultaneously, the unions launched a labour dispute to promote claims related to civil servants' status, working hours and pay, and other specific issues.
08 May 2005
On 19 April 2005, for the first time in 15 years, the national post employees went on a strike to claim a 16% pay rise. Following negotiations, the strike was called off that very day. Postal workers obtained only a mere 3% wage increase but the government promised that it would re-analyse the situation of the company together with the International Monetary Fund.
14 February 2005
In early 2005, an announcement by Romania's new government of over 5,000 redundancies in the mining industry gave rise to numerous controversies with trade unions. The disagreements relate to the number of miners to be made redundant, the size of compensation payments and other social assistance policies.