09 February 2004
In January 2004, a Romanian governmental body proposed a law which would introduce the possibility of privately-funded grants or scholarships for university students. Companies, for example, could fund scholarships in return for students agreeing to work for them after graduation. The aim of the proposal is to address calls for increased grants made by students during protests in autumn 2003.
03 February 2004
A number of important items of legislation with relevance for industrial relations were adopted in 2003. The main new provisions are summarised below.
25 January 2004
In November 2003, the General Union of Romanian Industrialists 1903 (UGIR 1903) organised a forum of European employers’ organisations in Bucharest. The event also marked the 100th anniversary of the establishment of the first employers’ association in Romania.
04 November 2003
The Romanian government has recently been drafting a proposal for a new Fiscal Code, with the aim of simplifying and putting in order the taxation system, which has become very complicated, with hundreds of laws and ordinances added in the past decade. The social partners were much in favour of this move, and especially employers, which have often criticised not only the overall tax burden but the system's complexity and instability as a major restraint on development. In September 2003, the debate moved onto a new stage when the government turned its attention to personal income tax and proposed the abolition of the current progressive income tax (whereby the rate of taxation increases with income) and the introduction of a fixed- or flat-rate income tax of 23%.
13 August 2003
In this feature, we trace the development of trade unions in Romania since 1989 and examine their current position and the challenges they face.
03 August 2003
Romania is currently facing large-scale redundancies as a result of the restructuring, reorganisation and privatisation of state-owned enterprises. In line with the government’s Emergency Ordinance No. 8/2003 regarding incentives for such restructuring, and given that under the new Labour Code (introduced adopted by Law No. 53/2003) such workforce reductions are to be addressed in a different manner than in the past, a plan has been developed to overcome the social tensions and difficulties that might arise from the forecast redundancies. A Social Assistance Programme (Program de Acompaniament Social, AS) was thus launched on 14 April 2003, envisaging a better activation of local development opportunities; 13 of Romania’s counties (out of a total of 41) are to be affected.