22 October 2012
In France, there has been a continuous focus on the inclusion of people with disabilities since 1987, even though the achievements have been modest. The employment difficulties of young people with health problems or disabilities persist despite the existence of the quota scheme that places an obligation on employers to ensure that 6% of their employees are people with disabilities. Two main types of measures can change this situation. One is the development of school integration (mainstreaming), which would open new vocational training opportunities for young people with health problems to improve their access to employment. The other type of measure is the more frequent use of apprenticeships because young people with health problems or disabilities often have literacy problems and find it difficult to follow standard learning programmes. Apprenticeships may be a more suitable option for some people.
Case Studies on Employment of People with Disabilities in Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises: France
04 May 2006
The French research team focused on three small enterprises which at least tried, if not managed to integrate one or more disabled persons. All three enterprises were located in the economic area of the Paris Basin, where a full range of services has been established to promote the employment of disabled persons ans where, theoretically at least, there are no major obstacles to access to information on laws, rights and means of assistance. Studies for this project were conducted in six Member States. National research teams were given the opportunity to conduct the case-study research in accordance with their own views and experience and following their own approach and methodologies, the aim being to take into account the particular context of the country and each enterprise. They considered the process by which an employer identifies a need to employ someone, a person with a disability seeks employment, and a contractual relationship is established and maintained.