Autorité des relations sociales des plateformes d’emploi (ARPE)

On 28 September 2021, the French National Assembly ratified a government decree on collective representation for platform workers. This foresees that as of 2022, drivers and couriers working for platforms can hold trade union elections. Furthermore, it includes the establishment of the Autorité des relations sociales des plateformes d’emploi (ARPE), an authority for regulating social relations on employment platforms. The authority is responsible for holding the union elections and is financed by a tax paid by the platforms. Overall, this regulatory change is expected to establish the ‘conditions for a structured and organised social dialogue’ (see here) and therefore to safeguard the working conditions and rights of platform workers.  

According to the decree, social dialogue for platform workers is strengthened without necessarily changing their employment status. This aspect has been subject to criticism in France as it is blamed for institutionalising the so-called ‘uberisation’ of work through the institutionalisation of a ‘third status’ of employment. As an alternative, others have argued that efforts should be made to recognise workers as employees and to shift the burden of proof for the employment status from workers to platforms (see here).  

Metadata

  • Initiative
  • Industrial action, Legislation
  • France
  • Government
  • Yes
  • no specific sector focus
  • representation, industrial relations, social dialogue
  • 2022
Disclaimer  —  Eurofound aims to keep the information in this database up to date and accurate. If errors are brought to our attention, we will try to correct them. However, Eurofound bears no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the accuracy or content of this database or of external links over which Eurofound services have no control and for which Eurofound assumes no responsibility.