Digital age

Game-changing technologies: Transforming production and employment in Europe

Report
Публикувано
22 January 2020
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Formats
Executive summary in 22 languages

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Основни констатации

  • Game-changing technologies (GCTs) are those expected to have a disruptive effect on the economy, labour market and society; GCTs should be monitored to identify early interventions to foster growth or to prevent negative effects.
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  • Game-changing technologies (GCTs) are those expected to have a disruptive effect on the economy, labour market and society; GCTs should be monitored to identify early interventions to foster growth or to prevent negative effects.
  • There is considerable difference as regards technical and market maturity across GCTs and their adoption across sectors. For example, advanced robotics is a comparatively well established technology in some manufacturing sectors, while at early stage adoption in services. Blockchain, in contrast, is hardly operationally used by business in general, and if applied, then rather in services.
  • The numerical employment impact of GCTs is hard to assess, but most probably is less severe than often discussed. Most analysed GCTs show some potential for both, job creation (notably higher-skilled jobs related to data handling, science and analytics) and job loss (notably jobs characterised by a high level of automatable routine tasks).
  • More importantly, GCTs are expected to have a substantial impact on the task composition within jobs, which is likely to result in disruptive changes as regards skills needs and use and work organisation.
  • To ensure, at the same time, global competitiveness of European companies and sustainable employment and decent working conditions for the workforce, policy interventions are needed, even if the GCTs are not yet widely adopted by business.
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Обзор

Innovation and technological advancement are natural features of developed economies, and they are necessary to maintain and improve sustainable competitiveness in an era of globalisation. However, while most innovation tends to be incremental, some has a disruptive effect on production and serviRead more

Innovation and technological advancement are natural features of developed economies, and they are necessary to maintain and improve sustainable competitiveness in an era of globalisation. However, while most innovation tends to be incremental, some has a disruptive effect on production and service provision, the labour market and social dialogue. This report discusses a selection of eight so-called ‘game-changing technologies’ (advanced robotics, additive manufacturing, the Internet of Things, electric vehicles, autonomous vehicles, industrial biotechnologies, blockchain and virtual and augmented reality). Each of these has the potential to substantially change business activities, work and employment in Europe. Looking at both the manufacturing and services sectors, this report gives an indication of how these technologies might be adopted and how they are expected to affect the labour market.

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Formats

  • Full report

    Number of Pages: 
    54
    Reference No: 
    EF19047
    ISBN: 
    978-92-897-2044-1
    Catalogue: 
    TJ-03-20-015-EN-C
    DOI: 
    10.2806/198
    Catalogue info

    Game-changing technologies: Transforming production and employment in Europe

    Available formats

    Cite this publication as: 

    Eurofound (2020), Game-changing technologies: Transforming production and employment in Europe, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg.

  • Executive summary

    Преломни технологии: Трансформация на производството и заетостта в Европа

    Authors: 
    Eurofound

    Иновациите и технологичният напредък са естествени характеристики на развитите икономики и са необходими за поддържане и подобряване на устойчивата конкурентоспособност в ерата на глобализацията. Въпреки че при повечето иновации има тенденция за постепенно развитие, някои имат смущаващо въздействие върху производството и предоставянето на услуги, пазара на труда и социалния диалог. В настоящия доклад се разглеждат избрани осем т. нар. „преломни технологии“ (напредналата роботика, 3D принтирането, „интернет на предметите“, електрически автомобили, автономни превозни средства, промишлени биотехнологии, блок-верига и виртуална и добавена реалност). Всяка една от тях има потенциала да промени съществено бизнес дейностите, работата и заетостта в Европа. В този доклад, който разглежда както сектора на производството, така и сектора на услугите, се посочва как могат да бъдат въведени тези технологии и как се очаква те да засегнат пазара на труда.

    Available in 22 languages for download

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  • Working papers

    Related working papers

    The working papers accompanying this report deal with the implications for the services sector.

  • Data and infographics

    Figures

    • Figure 1: Narrow AI: fields of application
    • Figure 2: Vectors of digital change and analysed GCTs
    • Figure 3: GCTs in manufacturing: potential employment implications
    • Figure 4: GCTs in services: potential employment implications
    • Figure 5: Overview of potential impact of the analysed GCTs on selected working conditions

    Tables

    • Table 1: GCTs selected for analysis
    • Table 2: Definitions of the analysed GCTs
    • Table 3: Example applications of GCTs
    • Table 4: Estimated potential market size of analysed GCTs
    • Table 5: Overview of key factors influencing adoption of the analysed GCTs
    • Table 6: Potential job creation and job loss by sector and GCT
    • Table 7: Expected effects of analysed GCTs on skills use and skills development
    • Table 8: Expected effects of analysed GCTs on work organisation
    • Table 9: Expected effects of analysed GCTs on working time and work intensity
    • Table 10: Expected effects of the analysed GCTs on autonomy, flexibility and control
    • Table 11: Expected effects of analysed GCTs on workers’ health and safety

    Infographics

    The infographics accompanying this report deal with the implications for the services sector.

    Eurofound infographic on advanced robotics

    Eurofound infographic on autonomous transport devices

    Eurofound infographic on blockchain

    Eurofound infographic on virtual and augmented reality

    Eurofound infographic on wearable devices

     

     

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