Publications

Search results: 860 items found
  • Article
    16 December 2002

    The use of temporary agency workers in Denmark has been steadily increasing.
    In 1992, there were 73 registered temporary work agencies with about 3,000
    agency workers, which grew to 396 agencies with 21,000 employees BY 1999
    (according to figures from Statistics Denmark [Danmarks Statistik]). If the
    growth rate recorded since 1997 has continued, there are probably about 370
    agencies with about 35,000 workers in December 2002. In 2001, the agencies'
    turnover was more than DKK 3 billion - a 10-fold increase over a decade.

  • Article
    16 December 2002

    Between 1 March and 31 May 2002, works council election [1] s took place in
    German companies under the terms of the new Works Constitution Act
    (Betriebsverfassungsgesetz, BetrVG) which has been in force since July 2001
    (DE0107234F [2]). The BetrVG determines the legal framework for
    co-determination at the level of the establishment [3] in the private sector,
    through works council [4] s. Works councils are employee representative
    bodies with a range of co-determination, information and consultation rights.
    Works council elections are held every four years between 1 March and 31 May
    (DE9810180F [5]). The reformed BetrVG aims to increase the number of works
    councils, improve the representation of women on works councils and enhance
    the operating conditions of works councils.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/works-council-election-0
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-working-conditions/works-constitution-act-reform-adopted
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/co-determination-rights-of-the-works-council
    [4] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/works-council-2
    [5] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-industrial-relations/results-of-the-1998-works-council-elections

  • Article
    16 December 2002

    Since the beginning of the 1990s, the German system of industry-wide
    collective bargaining has seen a continued process of decentralisation and
    flexibilisation. While part of the process has been associated with the
    increasing use of 'opening clauses' ('Öffnungsklauseln') which – under
    certain conditions – allow companies to apply lower standards for wages,
    hours and working conditions than provided in the collective agreement
    (DE0103212F [1]), some observers have also been concerned about declining
    membership of employers' associations.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-working-conditions/wsi-survey-examines-decentralisation-of-bargaining-in-19992000

  • Article
    15 December 2002

    In August 2002, a woman was jailed [1] for three months for assaulting a
    pregnant teacher during an argument over the price of a school trip. Also
    during 2002, another teacher was left with a visual impairment after she was
    head-butted by a four-year-old. Earlier in the year, a bus driver needed
    surgery after being shot in the face with an airgun. These are just some
    examples of the everyday risk workers in some sectors and occupations face of
    verbal abuse and physical violence, ranging from shouting and swearing to
    punching and stabbing. Survey evidence, together with evidence gathered by
    trade unions, suggests that public sector workers and those whose work
    involves direct contact with the public are especially vulnerable. Such
    evidence was presented on 2 December 2002 at a joint Trades Union Congress
    (TUC), Confederation of British Industry (CBI) and Health and Safety
    Executive (HSE) seminar.

    [1] http://www.tuc.org.uk/h_and_s/tuc-5350-f0.cfm

  • Article
    15 December 2002

    Ireland’s ODEI-Equality Tribunal is an independent quasi-judicial body
    established in 1999, whose core function is to investigate, and/or mediate,
    complaints of unlawful discrimination at work (IE0008218N [1]). According to
    the Equality Tribunal, its new mediation service is, on average, three times
    quicker than the alternative equality dispute resolution option – a formal
    investigation decided by an equality officer [2]. Equality cases that have
    resulted in mediated agreements have been completed in just six months (from
    the original date of referral to the date of signing the agreement), compared
    with an average of 18 months in employment investigation cases (again, from
    the original date of referral to the date of decision).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/discrimination-claims-up-40-says-new-equality-agency
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/equality-officer

  • Article
    15 December 2002

    In December 2002, the Finnish social partners formally signed a new two-year
    incomes policy agreement, which covers over 90% of wage earners. A few
    sectors which are strategically important for Finnish industry, such as
    seafaring and transport, rejected the deal. The cost effect of the of the
    agreed wage increases is 2.9% in 2003 and 2.2% in 2004.

  • Work programme
    13 December 2002

    The third annual programme of work based on the Foundation's four-year programme 2001-2004: Analysing and anticipating change to support socio-economic progress. Among the aims of the programme are to: strengthen monitoring activities and strategic research in the three core areas of expertise (Living Conditions, Working Conditions, Industrial Relations) and EMCC; meet specific needs of key policy audiences; incorporate candidate countries in all main areas of activity; increase existing collaboration with the European Commission and strengthen relationships with the other EU Institutions; and reinforce the Foundation's role as a forum for debate.

  • Article
    8 December 2002

    In November 2002, the Dutch government and social partners reached a 'social
    agreement' for 2003, including a pay increase limit of 2.5% - the first such
    centrally agreed wage ceiling for a decade. Under the agreement, the
    government has released a sum of EUR 1 billion to meet the social partners'
    demands, including cuts in tax and social security contributions.

  • Article
    8 December 2002

    On 15 November 2002, Italian metalworkers' trade unions organised a one-day
    general strike across the sector. The action focused on supporting
    negotiations over the restructuring plan and large-scale job losses announced
    at the Fiat auto group and at putting pressure on the government to draw up a
    national industrial policy, at a time when the Italian metalworking sector is
    experiencing major problems.

  • Article
    8 December 2002

    On 29-30 November 2002, Cgil, one of Italy's three main trade union
    confederations, organised a demonstration in Naples in favour of the
    development of the country's southern regions and against the government's
    recent 2003 budget law.