Publications

Search results: 860 items found
  • Article
    3 December 2002

    In late 2002, the process of creating a national federation of the three
    Portuguese bank workers' trade unions affiliated to the UGT confederation is
    nearly complete. The new federation will comprise regional banking unions
    from the north, centre and south of the country, and represents an attempt by
    the unions to strengthen their negotiating capacity in the light of the
    concentration of firms within the sector.

  • Article
    3 December 2002

    In November 2002, a number of employees of the debt-ridden Rydygier hospital
    in Wroclaw, Poland, launched a hunger strike aimed at obtaining the payment
    of wages, which had not been paid since September. The hunger strike was
    followed by high-profile street protests. Politicians at the regional and
    national level stepped in to try to calm the conflict, but the hunger strike
    has continued.

  • Article
    3 December 2002

    In November 2002, a workers' blockade of a shut down cable manufacturing
    plant in Ozarów, Poland, was broken after more than six months by the
    factory's owner, Tele-Fonika. The company used a private security agency to
    clear access to the factory and allow machinery to be removed, and the police
    intervened when violence flared. However, it seems that the redundant
    workers' protests are continuing.

  • Article
    3 December 2002

    As a part of its proposal for the 2003 state budget, the coalition government
    of the Hungarian Socialist Party [1] (Magyar Szocialista Párt, MSZP) and the
    liberal Alliance of Free Democrats [2] (Szabad Demokraták Szövetsége,
    SZDSZ) has announced far-reaching privatisation plans, and for this purpose
    drafted an amendment to the law on privatisation. Since the vast majority of
    the firms in manufacturing, construction and commerce had already been
    privatised under the previous socialist-liberal government between 1994 and
    1998, the new wave of company sales mainly affects firms in agriculture,
    finance and transportation. The only exception in manufacturing is Dunaferr,
    the only remaining Hungarian steel mill, which survived the transformation
    recession of the early 1990s, and is still one of the largest employers in
    Hungary. Although in the early 1990s this state enterprise was decentralised
    into several limited liability companies, and some smaller units were sold to
    foreign investors, the state is still the majority owner.

    [1] http://www.mszp.hu/
    [2] http://www.szdsz.hu/

  • Article
    3 December 2002

    The reduction of working time is increasingly becoming a central bargaining
    demand for Hungarian trade unions at national level. Regular weekly working
    time is a central issue in the current round of tripartite negotiations over
    increases in the national minimum wage (HU0207102F [1]) and recommendations
    for the annual wage increase for 2003. In exchange for making concessions to
    the employers’ side in the area of wage increases, unions have demanded the
    reduction of statutory normal weekly working time from 40 hours to 39.5 hours
    in 2003, and to 38 hours by 2006.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/new-government-increases-public-sector-pay-and-low-wage-earners-income

  • Article
    3 December 2002

    The National Association of Hungarian Trade Unions [1] (Magyar
    Szakszervezetek Országos Szövetsége, MSZOSZ), one of the major Hungarian
    trade union confederations, held its fifth congress on 22 and 23 November
    2002 in Budapest. The congress aimed to end a period of lack of strategic
    focus and decided to develop a new organisational structure which will enable
    it to tackle the challenges of forthcoming EU membership and the accompanying
    efforts to strengthen social dialogue across the Hungarian economy.

    [1] http://www.mszosz.hu/

  • Article
    3 December 2002

    Difficult negotiations between trade unions and employers' associations in
    the French road haulage industry began in October 2002 over a new sectoral
    collective agreement on pay and conditions. The prospect of a blockade of the
    entire road network similar to that of 1996, if the talks failed, hung over
    the negotiations. Ultimately, an agreement was reached on 24 November,
    providing for a pay increase 14% over three years, though it was not signed
    by the CFDT and CGT unions, which called for roadblocks to be set up. These
    were lifted on 25 November, but CFDT and CGT plan to continue their action in
    other forms.

  • Article
    3 December 2002

    After clashes at its 1999 congress, the French Christian Workers'
    Confederation (CFTC) held its 48th national congress in November 2002 against
    a more peaceful backdrop. A new executive team headed by Jacques Voisin and
    Jacky Dintinger was elected, which is promoting the expansion of CFTC's
    presence, especially in small and medium-sized companies.

  • Article
    3 December 2002

    Telecommunications companies, and especially those that are mainly engaged in
    mobile telephony, are in the midst of a serious crisis in Denmark. In early
    November 2002, a confidential report from the new top management of the
    Danish division of Orange, the French-owned mobile telephone company, was
    leaked to the press. The report recommended large-scale redundancies in
    connection with a major restructuring process. This leak immediately led to
    the dismissals of some of the employees who had received the report. Shortly
    afterwards, management publicly stated that 400 out of 1,000 employees would
    be made redundant as part of a major economic restructuring process. The
    employees were informed at a number of meetings, and Orange has taken the
    initiative to launch negotiations over the job losses with employee
    representatives, and has informed the Confederation of Danish Industries
    (Dansk Industri, DI).

  • Article
    3 December 2002

    The November 2002 employment survey from Statistics Denmark (Danmarks
    Statistik), conducted on the basis of employers’ payments into the ATP
    (labour market supplementary pension) system, shows that 20,200 people lost
    full-time jobs from the second to the third quarter of 2002. This was 15,500
    more people than expected by experts in the labour market field. The
    situation is worst in the industrial sector, in which employment fell by
    6,700, and in the building sector, where 5,100 jobs were lost. In the
    municipal sector, employment fell by about 3,400. On the whole, public sector
    employment declined by 6,400, while the private sector suffered a loss of
    13,500.