Publications

Search results: 860 items found
  • Article
    3 December 2002

    On 15 November 2002, the German parliament (Bundestag) passed a package of
    bills entitled 'Modern services on the labour market [1]', which partly
    implements the proposals of the Hartz Commission, issued in August 2002. The
    Hartz Commission was established by Chancellor Gerhard Schröder to recommend
    reforms aimed at a modernisation of Germany’s labour market policy and thus
    a reduction in the high level of unemployment (DE0209205F [2]). Through the
    new legislation, Wolfgang Clement, the minister for employment and economic
    policy (DE0211205F [3]), aims to create up to 50,000 jobs by the expansion of
    temporary agency work in 2004.

    [1] http://eng.bundesregierung.de/dokumente/Artikel/ix_450282_4317.htm
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/sweeping-modernisation-of-labour-market-policy-proposed
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/implications-of-the-new-red-green-government-for-industrial-relations

  • Article
    3 December 2002

    In late 2002, the Belgian social partners are discussing a new intersectoral
    agreement for 2003-4. The maximum margins for growth in wage costs over the
    next two years are central to the talks. In early November, the Central
    Economic Council published its technical report providing an indication of
    the pay norm, which it puts at 5.1%. This procedure, which is particularly
    complicated on this occasion, has relaunched debate on Belgium's pay norm
    system.

  • Article
    3 December 2002

    In October 2002, the Ministry of Employment and Labour and the Construction
    Confederation employers' organisation signed a partnership agreement aimed at
    combating illegal working in the Belgian construction sector. The agreement
    provides for increased monitoring , an awareness-raising campaign, and the
    establishment of a working group to look into the matter. Trade unions, while
    in favour of combating illegal working, regretted that they had been excluded
    from the initiative, because the matters under consideration affect all
    workers in construction.

  • Article
    3 December 2002

    At a press conference held on 13 November 2002, the association of Austrian
    large retailers and chain stores (Handelsverband, HV), a lobbying
    organisation which does not engage in collective bargaining, called for an
    extension of shop opening hours from Monday to Saturday, from the current
    legal maximum of 66 hours per week to 78 hours. Arguing that all candidate
    countries for European Union membership have far more liberal shop opening
    legislation than Austria, HV also proposes allowing shops to open on Sunday.
    Otherwise, there will be a substantial shift of Austrian purchasing to the
    new EU Member States, claims HV, which in particular represents large
    clothing and food retailers. HV's call came only a few days before a general
    election, and was addressed to the future government.

  • Article
    2 December 2002

    Directive 2000/34/EC [1] of the European Parliament and of the Council,
    adopted in 22 June 2000 (EU0005249F [2]), extended Council Directive
    (93/104/EC) [3] concerning certain aspects of the organisation of working
    time to cover road, rail, air, sea, and inland waterways transport,
    seafishing, offshore work and the activities of junior doctors - sectors and
    activities excluded from the earlier Directive. EU Member States must
    implement the 2000 Directive by 1 August 2003.

    [1] http://europa.eu.int/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexapi!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32000L0034&model=guichett
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-working-conditions/extension-of-working-time-directive-agreed
    [3] http://europa.eu.int/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexapi!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=31993L0104&model=guichett

  • Article
    2 December 2002

    During November 2002, the Confederation of British Industry (CBI) reiterated
    its strong criticism (UK0203101N [1]) of the proposed EU Directive on working
    conditions for temporary (agency) workers [2] (EU0204205F [3]). The CBI’s
    offensive, timed to coincide with the European Parliament’s first reading
    vote on 21 November (EU0212201N [4]), highlights the damage that UK employers
    believe the Directive will have on the employment prospects of agency workers
    if it is adopted without significant amendment.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/directive-on-temporary-agency-work-could-damage-flexibility-warn-cbi-and-government
    [2] http://europa.eu.int/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexapi!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=en&numdoc=52002PC0149&model=guichett
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-industrial-relations/commission-proposes-directive-on-temporary-agency-workers
    [4] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/parliament-proposes-amendments-to-draft-temporary-agency-work-directive

  • Article
    2 December 2002

    In November 2002, the boards of the Swedish Association of Local Authorities
    (Svenska Kommunförbundet) and the Federation of Swedish County Councils
    (Landstingsförbundet) decided unanimously to propose a merger to create a
    new employers' association for almost all of the local government sector. A
    new head office might be in place at the end of 2004, if the organisations'
    member employers agree to the merger, which they seem likely to do.

  • Article
    2 December 2002

    On 29 November 2002, the Minister of Health, Dagfinn Høybråten, presented a
    government White Paper [1] proposing a total ban on smoking in bars and
    restaurants. Stricter legislative measures to combat passive smoking in bars
    and restaurants have long been an important priority for trade unions in the
    catering sector. If and when approved in parliament (Stortinget), the revised
    Tobacco Protection Act, including a total ban on smoking in public places,
    would come into effect on 1 January 2004.

    [1] http://www.odin.dep.no/hd/norsk/publ/otprp/042001-050012/index-dok000-b-n-a.html

  • Article
    2 December 2002

    In October 2002, a new company agreement was signed by trade unions and
    management at the Italian confectionery group, Ferrero. The agreement
    contains a number of innovations, notably the experimental introduction of
    job-sharing, variable pay and the future establishment of new joint bodies.

  • Article
    2 December 2002

    Air Lib, France's second-largest airline, is in financial difficulties in
    late 2002 and management has announced a rescue plan involving 500 job
    losses, to trade union opposition. Despite a decision by the Ministry of
    Transport to extend the company's operating licence and to defer debt
    repayment to January 2003, concerns remain over the company's future as a
    viable business.