Tackling undeclared work database

Undeclared work can be defined as work which is in itself legal but is not declared to the authorities for tax, social security and/or labour law purposes. Across the 28 Member States of the European Union, a great deal of effort is being invested into developing and testing policy measures that aim to tackle undeclared work.

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Measures to combat ‘social fraud’, Austria

03 Říjen 2011
  • Austria
  The Austrian government has, since 2004, introduced a series of legal measures to tackle the growing incidence of ‘social fraud’ practices, particularly in the construction sector. However, as these measures proved largely ineffective in terms of deterrence, a new employee registration law and new legislation on the liability of construction companies subcontracting work to other companies were introduced in 2007 and 2008, respectively, to come into effect in 2009. Experts consider the latter initiatives to be more promising in terms of tackling organised social fraud.
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LIMOSA, Belgium

03 Říjen 2011
  • Belgium
  The international migration information system LIMOSA (Landenoverschrijdend Informatiesysteem Migratie Onderzoek Sociaal Administratief) is a federal government project which has been set up to prepare the country for the complete opening of the labour market for workers from the new EU Member States on 1 May 2009. LIMOSA represents an instrument of control in the fight against fraud and the unfair competition of foreign workers who accept work at below-market wages and disregard Belgian labour laws and regulations.  
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: improve detection, Prevention

Regularisation of undeclared work, Italy

03 Říjen 2011
  • Italy
  • Sectors

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Coordinated strategy against undeclared work, France

28 Říjen 2009
  • France
Since 1997, France has been working towards a more integrated approach in its efforts to combat illegal and undeclared work. Institutions have been set up, most notably the Interministerial Delegation for Combating Illegal Work (Délégation Interministérielle à la Lutte Contre le Travail Illégal, DILTI), as well as agencies at regional and local level. The coordinated strategy has focused on the economic sectors most prone to undeclared work.
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Information campaign on undeclared wages, Estonia

28 Říjen 2009
  • Estonia
  The Estonian Tax and Customs Board launched an extensive information campaign (Maksu- ja Tolliameti infokampaania) in January 2008, which addressed the social risks of receiving undeclared wages. Street posters, handouts and media were used to raise public awareness. The initiative aimed to improve people’s tax behaviour through increasing knowledge about the benefits of declared wages and the social losses accompanying tax fraud.  
  • Sectors

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    Changing attitudes: awareness raising, Prevention

Regulation of domestic work, Netherlands

28 Říjen 2009
  • Netherlands
Private domestic work is often undeclared in the Netherlands. Therefore, the Dutch government liberalised the regulation of private domestic work with new tax and social security measures in January 2007. Private domestic workers and their private clients are not obliged to declare this kind of work to the tax and social security authorities when the work lasts up to three days a week. However, the workers still have to report their full income for their yearly income tax.
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OASIS, Belgium

28 Říjen 2009
  • Belgium
  The Social Inspection Services Anti-fraud Organisation (Organisation Anti-fraude des Services d’Inspection Sociale, OASIS) is a data warehouse, set up in 2001 in the framework of a common anti-fraud project organised by federal government ministries and national offices. OASIS is designed to combat social security fraud in a systematic and structured way. The data used by OASIS is supplied through the information channels of the Crossroads Bank for Social Security (Kruispuntbank van de Sociale Zekerheid, KSZ).  
  • Sectors

  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: improve detection

E-government in social security sector, Belgium

28 Říjen 2009
  • Belgium
Over the last 10 years, Belgium has developed and pioneered a policy of electronic collection and exchange of administrative data in its social security system. It is believed that specific measures seeking to spread electronic government processes (e-government) throughout all bodies involved in the social security system could strengthen measures seeking to combat social and fiscal fraud. On 2 July 2008, the country’s Council of Ministers launched its first global action plan seeking to combat social and fiscal fraud in Belgium.
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Enterprise service employment voucher, France

28 Říjen 2009
  • France
The heavy administrative procedure involved can discourage companies and workers from registering casual work carried out on an occasional basis. In order to simplify the formalities for companies wishing to hire temporary or casual staff and reduce the levels of undeclared work, the French government introduced an employment voucher scheme in April 2009. The scheme combines two previous initiatives, which came into effect in 2005.
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Media campaign to curb undeclared work, Malta

28 Říjen 2009
  • Malta
Mixed media campaigns can be an effective tool to raise awareness and generate reports from the public regarding the incidence of undeclared work. The Law Compliance Unit of the Employment and Training Corporation (ETC) in Malta launched a public information campaign on undeclared work in 2006, which received a large response. ETC found that 1,271 people were claiming unemployment benefits while also working informally.
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