EurWORK European Observatory of Working Life


EurWORK articles cover working life in Europe, in particular the fields of industrial relations and working conditions. The articles are based on quarterly reporting provided by the Network of Eurofound Correspondents.

  • Topical updates summarise and update developments around selected topics, which are relevant across a number of Member States at the same time
  • Spotlight reports cover in more depth country-level events, debates and changes in regulation related to working life, aiming to provide a balanced view of all parties’ positions
  • Research in Focus articles report on important research findings (including surveys) from the national level, often, but not exclusively, in the area of working conditions
  • In brief articles are short news items drawn from the correspondents' quarterly reports
  • Country updates summarise developments at national level and are published 4 times a year

548 items found
  • Italy: Performance-related pay tax break

    The Italian government has agreed to favourable taxation of performance-related pay in companies that have signed decentralised collective agreements. The favourable rates will apply to up to €3,000 gross of performance-related pay for employees in the private sector, provided their 2013 income did not exceed €40,000, and has been extended for a further year.
  • Netherlands: New Act on work and security

    The Netherlands’ new Act on Work and Security will change employment and dismissal law. The aim is to create a new balance between ‘insiders’ – permanent employees who have high levels of protection – and ‘outsiders’, flexible workers who have little or no protection. The act was passed in July 2014 and comes into force in 2015.
  • France: Donation of leave to employees with seriously ill children

    Certain French companies have traditionally allowed employees to donate some of their leave to colleagues with seriously ill children. This tradition is sometimes implemented informally and sometimes enshrined in a company-level labour agreement. The French National Assembly has now passed a law providing a framework for companies to manage this practice.
  • France: A legal right to switch off from work

    On 19 June 2013, France’s social partners adopted a national interprofessional agreement on well-being at work which encourages businesses to find ways of avoiding intrusion on employees' private lives by defining periods when devices can be switched off and no company emails will be sent. The aim is to improve working conditions but also to avoid legal disputes.
  • Portugal: Effects of shiftwork

    Conventional working hours in Portugal have become less common in the last few decades and shift work and night work is increasingly prevalent. A recently published study aims to look at how organisations can improve the effects of shift work on their workers, particularly in the way such work is organised.
  • Denmark: New reform targets unemployment

    On 16 June 2014, employment reform to promote flexibility and encourage a high employment rate was agreed by the Danish parliament. The aim is to ensure that businesses get the workers they need, and the unemployed can improve their skills and qualifications. The reform will come into force fully by 1 Jan 2017 and is expected to boost the Danish economy.
  • UK: Right to request ‘flexible working’ comes into operation

    The right to request flexible working was extended to all UK employees with at least 26 weeks’ service with the same employer on 30 June 2014. This right had only been available to carers and parents. Unions have said this does not go far enough, while employer groups have questioned whether legislation was necessary.
  • Italy: Work climate improves while job satisfaction declines

    The third Quality of work survey report, published by Italy’s National Research Institute for Vocational Education and Training Employment and Social Policies (Isfol), provides both synthetic indicators and an accurate overview of the quality of work in Italy. It shows that while the work climate is still good, job satisfaction is still relatively low because of poor rewards and poor work prospects.
  • Furore over major restructuring plan for Electrolux

    In October 2013 the Swedish multinational company Electrolux, which employs about 5,700 people in Italy, announced that it would close its plant in Porcìa (Pordenone) with the loss of 1,200 jobs, and move production of its washing machines to Poland. The company has three other plants in northern Italy; Solaro (Milan) for dishwashers, Forlì, for ovens and gas hobs, and Susegana (Treviso) for fridges and freezers.
  • Impact of the economic crisis on employment

    Discussions have been taking place in Croatia about amendments to the country’s Labour Act. Understanding employment trends and their determinants may be valuable when it comes to formulating labour market policies, especially in the context of the fallout from the global economic crisis.