Temporary employment increases
Temporary employment is increasing significantly in Greece, and now constitutes the basic form of employment for many workers, according to data published in June 1999 by the Institute of Labour of the Greek General Confederation of Labour (INE/GSEE).
At the beginning of June 1999, the Institute of Labour of the Greek General Confederation of Labour (INE/GSEE) released data on the growth of temporary employment in Greece. According to these data - which were taken from the latest available census from the National Statistical Service of Greece (ESYE) and processed by INE/GSEE - during 1997 some 230,000 people were in temporary employment, 132,000 of whom were men and 97,000 women, and 11% of wage-earners were temporary workers, a figure which rises to 12% for women. This form of employment is chiefly a feature of the country's urban areas, where 68% of the national total is concentrated. As regards the age groups which are most involved, temporary employment is concentrated in the 20-64 age group, although for women it is concentrated in the 20-44 age group. The sectors of construction, manufacturing, hotels, restaurants and trade employ over 55% of temporary workers. Over 60% are concentrated in the tertiary and 31% in the secondary sector, but only 6.5% of temporary staff are employed in the primary sector.
In occupational terms, 65% of temporary employees work as skilled technicians, unskilled workers and in services and sales-related occupations, while 20% work in scientific and related occupations and office jobs.
Overall, during the 1993-7 period, the number of temporary workers rose by more than 22,000 (an average annual rate of increase 2.6%). The years 1995 and 1996 saw the biggest change, exerting a major influence on the overall increase during this period.
In its initial assessment of these data, GSEE voiced concern over the extent of the phenomenon of temporary employment, stressing once again its goal of full and stable employment.