Romania: Young Romanians work very long hours
The survey, carried out on young people aged 15-29 years, indicates that the overall number of weekly working hours for young people is 42.4 (40 hours is the legal weekly working time). Approximately 25% of young people in employment report working 50 hours a week, with men working on average 3 more hours a week than women. The survey was carried out by the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung România (FES) and The Centrul de Sociologie Urbană și Regională (CURS) in 2014.
According to 2014 data from Eurostat, Romanians work, on average, 40 hours a week, compared to 37.2 on average in the EU28, with employees working slightly more at 40.8 hours. Romania ranks third in the EU28 with regard to the number of working hours performed weekly by part-time workers – 23.6 hours (after Belgium 23.9 and Sweden 23.7). Data show a slow decrease in the weekly working hours of part-time workers compared to the pre-crisis years: 26.6 hours a week in 2006.
In a 2014 European Commission comparative study on family-related work schedule flexibility across Europe, Romania ranks last in the EU28. Fewer than 10% of employees can vary the start or end of the working day and fewer than 5% can take whole days off. One apparent reason for the difference among countries is the collective bargaining coverage: the bigger the collective bargaining coverage in a country, the greater the likelihood that workers are able to take whole days off for family reasons. There is a gender gap in Romania in terms of the possibility of varying the start/end times of the working day across countries, with men enjoying a bigger advantage in this regard.