Living conditions and quality of life

COVID-19 a starší lidé: dopad na jejich život, podporu a péči

Report
Vydáno
28 Leden 2022
pdf
Formats and languages
Executive summary in 22 languages
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Klíčová zjištění

  • During the COVID-19 pandemic, social contacts decreased in all age groups in the EU. Among older people, particularly worrying trends emerged in those aged 80+ where, in summer 2020, 18% of them reported feeling lonelier than before the pandemic and one-third had not left their home since the pandemic began.
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  • During the COVID-19 pandemic, social contacts decreased in all age groups in the EU. Among older people, particularly worrying trends emerged in those aged 80+ where, in summer 2020, 18% of them reported feeling lonelier than before the pandemic and one-third had not left their home since the pandemic began.
  • Mental health deteriorated for people of all ages during the pandemic, but affected young people and the 80+ age group most severely. In summer 2020, 23% of people aged 80+ felt sad more often than before the pandemic. While access to mental health services is important to many, it is also critical to address causes of mental health problems, such as social isolation and difficulties making ends meet.
  • Both decreases and increases in income were less common among older people, for whom pensions proved to be a stable source of income. However, pandemic-related expenditure, such as spending on private transport and care services, caused financial difficulties, especially for low-income groups. The introduction of care services that are less dependent on income can help to improve the situation of low-income earners.
  • During the pandemic, the likelihood of reduced physical activity increased with age. In summer 2020, 41% of people aged 50+ went out for walks less often than before the pandemic. To encourage healthy living, address obesity – particularly common among low-income 55- to 74-year-olds – and support positive habits, it will be important to facilitate exercise and active modes of transport across communities; this can also contribute to the green transition.
  • Low-tech e-healthcare (by phone) facilitated access to healthcare during COVID-19, however, many older people still preferred face-to-face consultations and almost half of users aged 50+ who opted to use e-healthcare reported that it did not fully meet their needs. To ensure better e-healthcare provision in the future, a closer alignment with people’s needs will be required, as well as an acknowledgement that e-healthcare has limitations, especially in the provision of more demanding forms of care.
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Souhrn

Tato zpráva zachycuje dopad krize COVID-19 na kvalitu života starších občanů, včetně dopadu na jejich dobré životní podmínky, finance, zaměstnanost a sociální začlenění. Zkoumá dopady na využívání pečovatelských služeb a spoléhání starších lidí na jinou podporu. Zpráva představuje politická opatřRead more

Tato zpráva zachycuje dopad krize COVID-19 na kvalitu života starších občanů, včetně dopadu na jejich dobré životní podmínky, finance, zaměstnanost a sociální začlenění. Zkoumá dopady na využívání pečovatelských služeb a spoléhání starších lidí na jinou podporu. Zpráva představuje politická opatření, která byla provedena v členských státech EU na podporu starších osob ve všech výše uvedených rozměrech. Patří mezi ně opatření na podporu nezávislého života a programy na podporu začleňování starších osob na trhu práce nebo předcházení nezaměstnanosti, které všechny hrají roli, pokud jde o kvalitu života starších občanů.

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Formats and languages

  • Zpráva

    Počet stran: 
    92
    Ref. č.: 
    EF21053
    ISBN: 
    978-92-897-2244-5
    Katalogové číslo: 
    TJ-03-21-504-EN-N
    DOI: 
    10.2806/028438
    Catalogue info

    COVID-19 a starší lidé: dopad na jejich život, podporu a péči

    Formáty

    Citovat tuto publikaci: 

    Eurofound (2022), COVID-19 and older people: Impact on their lives, support and care, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg.

  • Executive summary

    Ref. č.: 
    EF21053EN1
    Catalogue info

    COVID-19 a starší lidé: dopad na jejich život, podporu a péči

    Autor/autoři: 
    Eurofound

    K dispozici ke stažení ve 22 jazycích

    Stáhnout
  • Tables and graphs

    The report contains the following list of figures.

    • Figure 1: Changes to health since the start of the pandemic, by age group and gender, summer 2020, EU (%)
    • Figure 2: Feeling sad or depressed more often than before the pandemic, by age group and gender, summer 2020, EU (%)
    • Figure 3: Risk of depression, by age group, EU (%)
    • Figure 4: Going out for walks more or less often than before the pandemic, by age group (50+), summer 2020, EU (%)
    • Figure 5: Social contacts, by age group, summer 2020, EU (%)
    • Figure 6: In-person and remote contacts at least weekly, by age group, summer 2020, EU (%)
    • Figure 7: Loneliness, by age group, EU (%)
    • Figure 8: Changes in working hours, by age group, spring and summer 2020, EU (%)
    • Figure 9: Teleworking, by age group, spring and summer 2020, EU (%)
    • Figure 10: Work–life conflicts among workers, by gender and age group, EU (%)
    • Figure 11: Informal care for more than five hours a week, by gender and age group, EU (%)
    • Figure 12: Volunteering for over five hours a week during the pandemic, by gender and age group, EU (%)
    • Figure 13: Reduction in household income of over 10%, by age group, summer 2020, EU (%)
    • Figure 14: Low levels of savings, by age group, EU (%)
    • Figure 15: Difficulty making ends meet, by age group, EU (%)
    • Figure 16: Expectations: financial situation in three months’ time, by age group, EU (%)
    • Figure 17: Help from people outside the home with obtaining necessities, by age group, summer 2020, EU (%)
    • Figure 18: Medical care use since the start of the pandemic, by age group, spring 2021, EU (%)
    • Figure 19: Importance of reasons for unmet healthcare needs since the start of the pandemic, by age group, summer 2020 and spring 2021, EU
    • Figure 20: Types of unmet healthcare need, by age group, spring 2021, EU (%)
    • Figure 21: Healthcare or health insurance arrears, by age group, EU (%)
    • Figure 22: Extent to which e-healthcare met users’ needs, by age group, 2021, EU (%)

Výzkumy, které byly provedeny před vystoupením Spojeného království z Evropské unie dne 31. ledna 2020 a následně zveřejněny, mohou obsahovat údaje vztahující se k 28 členským státům EU. Po uvedeném datu zohledňují výzkumy pouze 27 členských států EU (EU-28 bez Spojeného království), není-li uvedeno jinak.

Part of the series

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, launched in April 2020, with five rounds completed at different stages during 2020, 2021 and 2022. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

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