Publications

Search results: 696 items found
  • Article
    19 Prosinec 2001

    The World Trade Organisation (WTO) held its fourth interministerial meeting
    in Doha in November 2001, and the Italian social partners took the
    opportunity to express their views on the WTO's role. According to the
    Confindustria employers' confederation, the role of the WTO as a body
    regulating world trade should be strengthened. The Italian trade union
    confederations are highly critical of the fact that the WTO does not concern
    itself with social matters.

  • Article
    19 Prosinec 2001

    In November 2001, the Spanish airline Iberia announced a redundancy procedure
    affecting some 10% of its workforce, as part of a series of measures to
    respond to the downturn in the air transport industry. Over the following
    month, management and trade unions negotiated the terms of the workforce
    reduction, which will mainly involve non-renewal of temporary contracts,
    pre-retirement, voluntary redundancies and temporary suspensions, along with
    greater flexibility.

  • Article
    19 Prosinec 2001

    In late 2001, the Spanish economy is beginning to suffer the effects of the
    international economic downturn. In response, the Ministry of the Economy has
    encouraged employers' organisations and trade unions to conclude a central
    agreement on wage moderation and the reform of collective bargaining
    structures, and such a pact seems on the cards The first to suffer in the
    current 'crisis of expectations' have been employees on temporary contracts,
    which have not been renewed, underlining fears about the vulnerability of
    temporary employment to variations in the economic cycle.

  • Article
    18 Prosinec 2001

    On 23 November 2001, the Swedish Union of Journalists (Svenska
    Journalistförbundet, SJF) gave notice to the Swedish Newspaper Publishers'
    Association (Svenska Tidningsutgivarföreningen, TU) that industrial action
    would start in newspaper companies on 4 December. SJF is the trade union
    organising Swedish journalists of all kinds in all media, and has 19,000
    members of whom about 8,000 work on daily newspapers. TU is the trade and
    employers' organisation for almost all newspaper publishers and other
    companies in the Swedish media industry.

  • Article
    18 Prosinec 2001

    The European social dialogue process has come a long way since the launch of
    the so-called 'Val Duchesse' process by the then European Commission
    president, Jacques Delors, in 1985. The social dialogue process at
    intersectoral level (EU0001224F [1]) has produced a wealth of joint texts,
    including three agreements which have been given legal force by a Council
    Directive - on parental leave [2] in 1995, part-time work [3] in 1997
    (EU9706131F [4]) and fixed-term work [5] in 1999 (EU9901147F [6]). The most
    recent attempt by the central social partners to conclude an agreement, on
    the issue of temporary agency work, failed in May 2001 (EU0106215N [7]).
    However, the process is still very much alive, as witnessed by the current
    negotiations over a voluntary agreement on the subject of teleworking
    (EU0111102N [8]), in addition to a range of negotiations on other subjects
    such as lifelong learning, which will in all probability result in joint
    texts or recommendations rather than framework agreements.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/industrial-relations-undefined/divergent-views-on-future-role-of-social-dialogue
    [2] http://europa.eu.int/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexapi!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=en&numdoc=31996L0034&model=guichett
    [3] http://europa.eu.int/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexapi!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=en&numdoc=31997L0081&model=guichett
    [4] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/social-partners-reach-framework-agreement-on-part-time-work
    [5] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/soc-dial/social/fixed_en.htm
    [6] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-working-conditions/social-partners-reach-draft-framework-agreement-on-fixed-term-contracts
    [7] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/temporary-agency-work-talks-break-down
    [8] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/social-partners-begin-teleworking-talks

  • Article
    18 Prosinec 2001

    Since the adoption in 1993 of Directive (93/104/EC) on certain aspects of the
    organisation of working time [1], the European Commission has been waiting
    for the Danish government's final resolution of how this Directive should be
    fully implemented in Denmark. In November 1999, the Danish government
    received a formal letter of notice from the Commission requesting it to
    ensure that the Directive was fully and correctly implemented. The government
    replied that the Directive had been implemented through the collective
    bargaining system and that there is no tradition in Denmark of statutory
    regulation in the area of employment conditions and industrial relations
    (DK0001164F [2]). The two main central social partner organisations, the
    Confederation of Danish Trade Unions (Landsorganisationen i Danmark, LO) and
    the Danish Employers' Confederation (Dansk Arbejdsgiverforeining, DA),
    declared in this connection that they would guarantee that employees who were
    not covered by a collective agreement would in practice be covered by the
    provisions laid down in the Directive, while the government committed itself
    to take action if it turned out that there were individuals whose rights were
    not ensured in spite of this guarantee.

    [1] http://europa.eu.int/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexapi!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=en&numdoc=31993L0104&model=guichett
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-working-conditions/danish-model-maintained-by-implementation-of-eu-directives-through-collective-agreements

  • Article
    18 Prosinec 2001

    On 10 December 2001, the executive board of the IG Metall metalworkers' trade
    union decided its basic orientations for the 2002 collective bargaining round
    for the 3.6 million employees in the German metalworking industry. A new pay
    agreement should run from 1 March 2002 and would normally have a duration of
    12 months. The IG Metall board recommended to its regional collective
    bargaining committees that they make claims for pay increases of between 5%
    and 7%, which should be used for

  • Article
    18 Prosinec 2001

    In November 2001, Belgium's National Labour Council concluded a collective
    agreement which introduces a right to breastfeeding breaks at work for
    nursing mothers from July 2002. Employers must provide a suitable area for
    employees who wish to use this right. The agreement brings Belgian provisions
    into line with the International Labour Organisation's Convention No. 183 on
    maternity protection and the European Social Charter.

  • Article
    17 Prosinec 2001

    Negotiations between the Professional Footballers' Association (PFA) and the
    English Premier League (PL) began in August 2001 concerning the trade union's
    share of the industry's television revenues - a longstanding arrangement to
    enable the union to provide welfare and training services. An impasse was
    reached because the PFA wanted to maintain its 5% share of revenues that had
    greatly increased since the previous broadcasting deal. The union balloted
    its 3,500 members over industrial action in support of its claim. All but 22
    of the 2,315 votes cast were in favour of strike action. All league matches
    in the top four divisions due to be televised live or for transmission of
    highlights were therefore threatened by strike action on the weekend of 1
    December 2001.