Publications

Search results: 858 items found
  • Article
    8 Prosinec 2003

    In November 2003, the National Trade Union Bloc (BNS), Romania's second
    largest trade union confederation, held its fourth congress. As well as
    electing a new leadership and approving a strategy for 2003-7, delegates
    debated the minimum wage and BNS involvement in the political arena.

  • Article
    8 Prosinec 2003

    Automotive manufacturing has been considered an important sector of Romanian
    industry over the past 30-40 years. However, in the last decade, industry as
    a whole has undergone significant restructuring. From 1991 to 2002, the
    number of employees diminished from about 3.4 million to 1.9 million (down by
    45 %) and the number of companies increased from about 2,800 to over 45,000.
    Over the same period, the number of enterprises in the automotive sector
    increased from 39 to 376, while the number of employees fell from 125,000 to
    about 83,000. The production of the automotive sector has also declined
    significantly in the past decade. Production in 2002 compared with 1991 fell
    from: 84,000 cars (town and off-road) to 66,000; 2,226 buses and vans to
    seven; 75 trolleybuses to nine; and 7,592 trucks to 440.

  • Article
    8 Prosinec 2003

    In November 2003, management and the workers' commission at Volkswagen
    Autoeuropa's car plant at Palmela, Portugal, concluded an agreement that
    prevents 800 redundancies threatened as a result of a fall in production.
    There will be a pay freeze until 2005, compensated by a guarantee of no
    collective redundancies before December 2005, 12 additional paid days off a
    year during production stoppages, a one-off payment in 2004, additional
    annual leave and other benefits.

  • Article
    8 Prosinec 2003

    In light of Poland’s accession to the EU in May 2004, the government has
    embarked on a restructuring of the customs service, which includes the
    transfer of many customs officers to the country’s eastern border. In
    November-December 2003, the customs officers subject to transfer protested
    against their reallocation and the threat of dismissal without severance pay
    if they refuse to comply.

  • Article
    8 Prosinec 2003

    In summer 2003, the French-based food multinational, Danone, took the
    decision to close one of its plants in Poland - the LU Polska facility in
    Jarosław - by the end of 2004, with the loss of 460 jobs. The company has
    established a major 'social package' of financial and job-finding measures to
    accompany the redundancies, a very unusual move in Poland’s private sector.

  • Article
    8 Prosinec 2003

    A historic state budget agreement was signed on 15 November 2003 by the
    centre-right minority coalition government - made up of t he Conservative
    Party (Høyre), the Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti, KRF)
    and the Liberal Party (Venstre) - and by the opposition Norwegian Labour
    Party (Det norske Arbeiderparti, DnA). The agreement is significant in that
    it has been concluded by both the Conservative Party, which is the largest
    party in the present coalition government, and DnA - two parties which have
    been the main opponents in Norwegian politics, divided by ideology, for over
    a century. The government had to accept significant changes to its original
    state budget proposal for 2004, and also to abandon a controversial proposal
    for a relaxation of the rules relating to temporary employment (NO0310103F
    [1]). The compromise followed the breakdown of negotiations between the
    government and the other main opposition grouping, the Progress Party
    (Fremskrittspartiet, FrP).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/unions-walk-out-of-public-committee

  • Article
    8 Prosinec 2003

    In November 2003, the Dutch Minister of Social Affairs and Emancipation
    Policy, Aart Jan de Geus, stated that he was keen to drop the current
    specific government policy portfolio for gender equality. Instead, gender
    issues should be mainstreamed into other policy areas. The Minister asserted
    that Dutch women now have equality in many areas, though problems persist.
    Various women’s organisations have responded sceptically to the Minister's
    statements.

  • Article
    8 Prosinec 2003

    Before the beginning of Latvian independence and economic and political
    transition in 1990, the automotive sector formed a notable part of the
    overall mechanical engineering and metalworking industry. It consisted of
    several large enterprises:

  • Article
    8 Prosinec 2003

    In November 2003, the Luxembourg government and social partners agreed on
    five structural measures aimed at tackling deficits in the budget of the
    country's sickness funds, which are expected from 2005 onwards. Most of the
    measures agreed are designed to stop employees taking sick leave without
    justification.

  • Article
    8 Prosinec 2003

    On 7 November 2003, the Fiom-Cgil trade union organised an eight-hour strike
    in the Italian metalworking industry as part of its campaign for the
    reopening of negotiations on the sector's collective agreement, which was
    signed in May 2003 by employers and the other two main metalworkers' unions,
    Fim-Cisl and Uilm-Uil. Reports differ greatly on the level of participation
    in the strike.