Publications

Browse publications

Latest publications

  • Article
    13 Srpen 2003

    In March 2003, Alstom, the French-based engineering multinational, announced
    a major Europe-wide restructuring plan which includes major cuts in its
    activities and 5,000 job losses. In July, management obtained shareholders'
    approval for an increase in capital as part of the plan, while employees from
    across Europe demonstrated in protest against the workforce reductions. The
    French government is intervening to support Alstom’s activity, enable the
    sale of assets and allow partnerships to be formed.

  • Article
    13 Srpen 2003

    After a difficult start, negotiations between the social partners on reform
    of the French vocational training system led in July 2003 to consensus on the
    basic points of an agreement on the issue. However, there are still
    differences over the division of training costs between employers and
    employees and on the possibility of training outside working hours. The
    negotiators were to meet again in early September 2003 to finalise an
    agreement.

  • Article
    12 Srpen 2003

    A refuse collection strike affected a large number of French cities over May
    and June 2003. The industrial action, mainly concerning public sector workers
    but also some employees of private companies, partly overlapped with the
    national wave of protests over the government's reform of the pension system,
    but also reflected existing problems in the sector. The major demands
    involved wage and staffing increases and a lower retirement age, at a time
    when workers in this industry are facing particularly difficult working
    conditions in the context of increasingly demanding public policies.

  • Article
    11 Srpen 2003

    In June 2003, employers' organisations and three trade unions reached a new
    agreement on France's special unemployment insurance scheme for workers
    employed sporadically on fixed-term contracts in the entertainment industry.
    The deal imposes stricter entitlement criteria and reduces the benefit
    payment period. It was met with major protest action by the employees
    affected and the non-signatory unions. Parts of the agreement were
    renegotiated in July following an appeal by the Minister of Culture. However,
    the protests intensified, eventually resulting in the cancellation of two
    major summer arts festivals.

  • Article
    11 Srpen 2003

    Compensation for people suffering illness as a result of asbestos exposure at
    work has been in the headlines in 2003, with disagreement over the level of
    compensation to be paid by a newly created Fund for the Compensation of
    Asbestos Victims (FIVA). The Fund aims to provide full compensation to
    asbestos victims, following an asbestos-related early retirement scheme
    introduced in 1999. In 2003 it adopted a scale of compensation payments much
    lower than awards made by the courts, bringing protests from trade unions and
    victims' organisations.

  • CAR
    11 Srpen 2003

    The comparative study was compiled on the basis of individual national
    reports submitted by EIRO's national centres. The text of each of these
    national reports is available below in Word format. The reports have not been
    edited or approved by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living
    and Working Conditions. The national reports were drawn up in response to a
    questionnaire [1] and should be read in conjunction with it.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/sites/default/files/ef_files/eiro/2003/07/word/tn0303q.doc

  • Article
    6 Srpen 2003

    The draft EU constitutional Treaty submitted to the European Council by the
    European Convention in June 2003 has given rise to some very divided opinions
    among the Belgian social partners. The employers are delighted with a draft
    that they believe will ensure that the enlarged EU functions more
    efficiently, while the trade unions have described the proposed Treaty as
    unacceptable.

  • Article
    6 Srpen 2003

    In July 2003, four socialist and liberal political parties reached agreement
    on the formation of a new Belgian federal government. The coalition agreement
    includes a number of important employment and social plans, such as creating
    200,000 jobs over four years and cutting employers' social security
    contributions. The social partners have reacted in differing ways to the new
    government's programme.

  • Article
    5 Srpen 2003

    On 17 June 2003, a new trade union, Fagforbundet, was created as the result
    of a merger between the Norwegian Union of Municipal Employees (Norsk
    Kommuneforbund, NKF) and the smaller Association of Health and Social Care
    Personnel (Norsk Helse- og Sosialforbund, NHS) (NO0211106F [1]). The new
    union, with approximately 300,000 members, is Norway's largest. It mainly
    organises employees in the municipal sector, a large majority of whom are
    women. Fagforbundet [2] is affiliated to the Norwegian Confederation of Trade
    Unions (Landsorganisasjonen i Norge, LO). NKF and NHS started talks on a
    possible merger as early as 1998, and the matter was subsequently subject to
    considerable debate and a comprehensive process of deliberation (NO9809185F
    [3] and NO0211106F [4]).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/major-union-merger-in-municipal-sector
    [2] http://www.fagforbundet.no/
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/municipal-sector-unions-consider-agreement-on-joint-cooperation
    [4] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/major-union-merger-in-municipal-sector

  • Article
    5 Srpen 2003

    In July 2003, the Portuguese government presented the second National Plan
    for Equality. The plan aims to promote equality between women and men in a
    wide range of areas, addressing matters such as education, employment,
    balancing work and family life, preventing violence against women, and social
    protection.

Series

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

Forthcoming publications