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  • Article
    5 Srpen 2003

    On 17 June 2003, a new trade union, Fagforbundet, was created as the result
    of a merger between the Norwegian Union of Municipal Employees (Norsk
    Kommuneforbund, NKF) and the smaller Association of Health and Social Care
    Personnel (Norsk Helse- og Sosialforbund, NHS) (NO0211106F [1]). The new
    union, with approximately 300,000 members, is Norway's largest. It mainly
    organises employees in the municipal sector, a large majority of whom are
    women. Fagforbundet [2] is affiliated to the Norwegian Confederation of Trade
    Unions (Landsorganisasjonen i Norge, LO). NKF and NHS started talks on a
    possible merger as early as 1998, and the matter was subsequently subject to
    considerable debate and a comprehensive process of deliberation (NO9809185F
    [3] and NO0211106F [4]).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/major-union-merger-in-municipal-sector
    [2] http://www.fagforbundet.no/
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/municipal-sector-unions-consider-agreement-on-joint-cooperation
    [4] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/major-union-merger-in-municipal-sector

  • Article
    5 Srpen 2003

    In July 2003, the Portuguese government presented the second National Plan
    for Equality. The plan aims to promote equality between women and men in a
    wide range of areas, addressing matters such as education, employment,
    balancing work and family life, preventing violence against women, and social
    protection.

  • Article
    5 Srpen 2003

    On 1 July 2003, the Italian government took over the Presidency of the EU
    Council for a six-month term (EU0307205F [1]). The European Trade Union
    Confederation (ETUC) has issued a memorandum [2] to the Italian Presidency in
    which it details a list of social issues that it wishes to see addressed
    during the second half of 2003.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/italian-presidency-sets-out-priorities
    [2] http://www.etuc.org/en/index.cfm?target=/EN/Press/releases/presidence/memoitaly.cfm

  • Report
    5 Srpen 2003
    Set against the backdrop of preparations for enlargement of the European Union, Industrial relations developments in Europe 2003 provides a comparative overview of the most significant industrial relations developments during 2003, both at national and EU level. The fruit of a joint collaboration between the Foundation and the European Commission, the report presents the year’s main activities in European social dialogue and employment legislation and policy.
  • Article
    5 Srpen 2003

    Meeting informally on 11–12 July 2003 in Varese, Italy under the incoming
    Italian Presidency of the Council, EU social policy and employment ministers
    discussed the issue of undeclared work in the EU. This topic, also known as
    the 'grey economy', is one of the Italian Presidency’s priorities
    (EU0307205F [1]), and is believed to account for between 7% and 19% of the
    volume of total declared employment in EU Member States. It was noted that,
    in order to try to reduce undeclared work, a specific employment guideline on
    this topic has been included in the latest employment guidelines [2] to
    Member States under the European employment strategy [3]. Actions deemed to
    be effective in combatting undeclared work include the removal of
    disincentives to declare work, the elimination of poverty traps and renewed
    efforts to make work pay. Alongside this, the Italian Presidency’s strategy
    to combat undeclared work includes penalties for not declaring work,
    incentives to declare work and legislation to avoid the poverty trap.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/italian-presidency-sets-out-priorities
    [2] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/employment_strategy/prop_2003/adopted_guidelines_2003_en.htm
    [3] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/employment_strategy/index_en.htm

  • Article
    4 Srpen 2003

    In July 2003, a trade union affiliated to the Dutch Christian Trade Union
    Federation (CNV) negotiated extra benefits for its own members in a
    redundancy agreement with the Getronics IT company. A similar deal was
    reached in 2002 by an affiliate of the Dutch Trade Union Federation (FNV) at
    Ballast Nedam, the construction firm. Both CNV and FNV expect more such
    agreements in future.

  • Article
    4 Srpen 2003

    The employers’ organisation for the Dutch agriculture and horticulture
    sector, LTO Nederland, is to make a quarter of its staff redundant, it was
    announced in summer 2003. The factors behind the move include a continuing
    decline in the number of farmers and the fact that fewer of them are joining
    LTO Nederland.

  • Article
    4 Srpen 2003

    In August 2002, parliament removed the director of Slovak Television
    (Slovenská televízia, STV), the country's public broadcaster. The grounds
    were that he had signed a new collective agreement which awarded STV
    management excessive redundancy pay entitlements (SK0211102N [1]).
    Consequently, the vacancy was advertised and 40 candidates applied for the
    position. The Slovak Television Council (Rada Slovenskej televízie, Rada
    STV) - a body which is elected by parliament and is responsible for STV's
    objectivity and independence - proposed two candidates from among the
    applicants and parliament subsequently selected Richard Rybnicek as the new
    STV director. Parliament made the decision in the light of Mr Rybnicek's
    stated vision for STV's operation and of his TV management experience (he is
    a former director of a private TV station). On 15 January 2003, Mr Rybnicek
    was officially installed as the new STV director.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/new-collective-agreement-at-slovak-tv-contributes-to-directors-dismissal

  • Article
    3 Srpen 2003

    On 7 July 2003, the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) published a
    discussion paper, The UK experience of European Works Councils [1], seeking
    views on how European Works Councils (EWCs) set up by UK-based companies have
    been working in practice. The principal aim of the exercise is to build up a
    'stronger evidence base' from which the UK government can develop its
    approach to the EU-level discussions on the possibility of revising the 1994
    EWCs Directive (94/45/EC [2]), which are due to get underway later in 2003.
    The European Commission has indicated that it will begin consultations with
    EU-level trade unions and employers’ organisations on the revision of the
    Directive in the autumn, raising the prospect of amendments to the Directive
    being brought forward sometime in 2004 or 2005.

    [1] http://www.dti.gov.uk/er/europe/ewcdoc.pdf
    [2] http://europa.eu.int/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexapi!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=31994L0045&model=guichett

  • Article
    3 Srpen 2003

    In July 2003, the municipality of Rome and the local employers' organisation,
    the Industrialists’ Union, signed an agreement to increase women’s
    presence in the city's information and communications technology (ICT)
    companies and improve the skills and qualifications of women already employed
    in the sector.

Series

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

Forthcoming publications