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  • Article
    9 Červen 2002

    In May 2002, after over three months of dispute, an agreement on the closure
    of a Lear Corporation cable plant at Cervera in Catalonia, Spain, was
    concluded by the workers' committee and the company, following mediation by
    the Catalan regional government. The 928 workers at the plant will received
    enhanced compensation and be offered various redeployment possibilities.

  • Article
    5 Červen 2002

    European Union enlargement is approaching fast. Of 13 countries from central
    and eastern Europe and the Mediterranean which have applied for membership,
    negotiations have been proceeding with 12, and 10 new Member States may join
    the EU from 2004. In this context, the European Industrial Relations
    Observatory (EIRO) is now starting to expand its coverage of industrial
    relations developments to the candidate countries.

  • Article
    4 Červen 2002

    In late April 2002, the Italian government approved new legislation which
    seeks to promote the 'regularisation' of irregular work - ie employment which
    is not declared for tax and social security purposes and does not observe the
    pay and conditions laid down by sectoral collective agreements. The new law
    provides for a three-year period of 'emergence' from the underground economy,
    during which companies and workers involved in irregular work will benefit
    from tax and social security incentives as they regularise their situation.

  • Article
    29 Květen 2002

    Nach einer stabilen Entwicklung im Jahr 2000 hielt das Wirtschaftswachstum in
    den meisten EU-Mitgliedstaaten auch im ersten Halbjahr 2001 an. Gegen Mitte
    des Jahres geriet die Wirtschaft in vielen Ländern jedoch ins Wanken, und
    der beginnende Rückgang wurde zudem durch die Terroranschläge in den USA
    vom 11. September verstärkt, die viele Sektoren wie die Zivilluftfahrt, die
    Tourismusbranche und verwandte Industriezweige in die Krise stürzten. Somit
    zeigen die jährlichen Wachstumszahlen bis zum dritten Quartal 2001 sowohl in
    den 12 Ländern der 'Eurozone' als auch in den 15 Mitgliedstaaten ein
    durchschnittliches BIP-Wachstum von 1,4 %, was im Vergleich zu den Zahlen bis
    zum dritten Quartal 2000 – 3,4 % in der Eurozone und 3,3 % in den 15
    Mitgliedstaaten – einen deutlichen Rückgang darstellt (siehe Abbildung 1).
    In Spanien (2,8 %) und im Vereinigten Königreich (2,2 %) war die
    Wachstumsrate bis zum dritten Quartal 2001 am höchsten, am niedrigsten lag
    sie in Finnland (0,0 %) und Deutschland (0,4 %).

  • Article
    29 Květen 2002

    La croissance économique s'est poursuivie à un rythme assez soutenu dans la
    plupart des États membres de l'UE au cours du premier semestre 2001, après
    une performance vigoureuse en 2000. Dans de nombreux pays toutefois,
    l'économie a commencé à faiblir vers le milieu de l'année et ce
    fléchissement naissant a été aggravé par les attaques terroristes du 11
    septembre contre les États-Unis, plongeant de nombreux secteurs (tels que
    l'aviation civile, le tourisme et les industries connexes) dans la crise.
    Ainsi, les chiffres de la croissance annuelle pour les trois premiers
    trimestres 2001 indiquent un taux de croissance annuel du PIB de 1,4% en
    moyenne aussi bien dans les 12 pays de la 'zone euro' que dans les 15 États
    membres, ce qui représente une baisse significative par rapport aux chiffres
    de la période correspondante en 2000: 3,4% (dans la zone euro) et 3,3% (dans
    les 15 États membres) - voir la figure 1 ci-dessous. Pour les trois premiers
    trimestres de 2001, la croissance la plus élevée a été enregistrée en
    Espagne (2,8%) et au Royaume-Uni (2,2%), et la plus faible en Finlande (0,0%)
    et en Allemagne (0,4%).

  • Article
    28 Květen 2002

    The SERVEMPLOI [1] project is a three-year European Union-funded project
    which monitors the progress of women working in the finance [2] and retail
    [3] sectors in eight EU Member States: Denmark, France, Germany, Ireland,
    Italy, Spain, Sweden and the UK. The project, which ran between December 1998
    and December 2001, has now issued its reports on the two sectors. The project
    aimed to answer the following questions:


  • Article
    28 Květen 2002

    Austria is well known for its high-developed and, in terms of political and
    social stability, effective social partnership system, whereby distinct
    'corporatist' structures have hitherto shaped socio-economic policy. However,
    since the coalition government of the populist Freedom Party (Freiheitliche
    Partei Österreichs, FPÖ) and the conservative People's Party
    (Österreichische Volkspartei, ÖVP) came to power in February 2000
    (AT0002212F [1]), the traditional consensual atmosphere of public
    policy-making has been greatly disrupted. In particular, organised labour has
    been forced onto the defensive by the government's policy of limiting social
    partnership (AT0109201F [2]). Thus, political tensions between the coalition
    government and the trade unions have continually increased.


  • Article
    27 Květen 2002

    A government Order adopted in Portugal in March 2002 aims to encourage
    permanent employment by means of financial subsidies for companies that
    convert a fixed-term contract, on expiry, into an open-ended contract. The
    new legislation is seen as necessary because fixed-term employment is
    continuing to increase (currently affecting some 15% of employees),
    especially among women.

  • Article
    27 Květen 2002

    According to data from the state Foreigners and Borders Department (Serviço
    de Estrangeiros e Fronteiras, SEF), there are currently about 389,000 legal
    immigrants from outside the EU in Portugal, representing about 3% of the
    Portuguese population (PT0006199F [1]). There are three main types of
    immigrant workers in Portugal:


  • Résumé
    23 Květen 2002

    As part of the research project on the social implications of EMU, the Foundation commissioned a literature review which would focus on the relationship between EMU and reforms in the public sector. The study provides an overview of the policies and structure of the public sector in 10 Member States. The investigation, whose main findings are presented in this leaflet, looks at the impact of EMU on changes in the scope of the public sector, on financial and budgetary frameworks, and on industrial relations in the public sector.


  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2020. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in two rounds – in April and in July 2020. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

Forthcoming publications