In April 2002, the Services Industrial Professional and Technical Union
(SIPTU) - Ireland's largest trade union - issued a briefing document
assessing the principal outcomes of the current national partnership
agreement, the Programme for Prosperity and Fairness  (PPF) (IE0003149F
), entitled The PPF reviewed and the emerging environment . The
document, compiled by the SIPTU research department, has been distributed to
all of the union's branch secretaries as the first part of a major
consultative exercise which 'will involve the maximum number of SIPTU
This national report examines the main trends in temporary agency work and the problems and challenges it poses in Italy. It puts the spotlight on the working conditions of temporary agency workers, and the specific features of such work that might help explain these conditions.
This national report examines the main trends in temporary agency work and the problems and challenges it poses in Ireland. It puts the spotlight on the working conditions of temporary agency workers, and the specific features of such work that might help explain these conditions.
An examination of the impact of the growing use of machine and computer technology on the work environment and the quality of working conditions. The report describes the relationship between technology, work organisation patterns and working conditions and identifies trends and changes in both work situations and use of technology.
In Spain, there is a complex system of different forms of retirement,
including retirement at the normal age, early retirement and
'pre-retirement'. This feature examines the various forms of pre-retirement -
whereby older workers workers give up their jobs and receive compensation,
rights to social protection and a supplement from the company. The government
and social partners have differing views on the issue.
In 2001, the parliamentary commission examining new working time and annual
leave rules (SE0101176N ) asked the National Institute of Economic
Research (Konjunkturinstitutet, KI) to examine the macroeconomic effects of a
legal cut in working time - the current statutory normal working week stands
at 40 hours. The results of the study  were published in March 2002. The
KI economists examined four alternative models:
Negotiations over a new collective agreement for Denmark's municipal/county
(local government) sector - between the joint trade union negotiating body,
the Association of Local Government Employees' Organisations (Kommunale
Tjenestemænd og Overenskomstansatte, KTO), and the employers' organisations,
the National Association of Local Authorities in Denmark (Kommunernes
Landsforening, KL), the Danish Federation of County Councils
(Amtsrådsforeningen, ARF) and the Municipalities of Copenhagen and
Frederiksberg (Københavns og Frederiksbergs Kommuner) - broke down in
February 2002. The Official Conciliation Service  (Forligsinstitutionen)
was thus asked to step in, for the first time in the sector's history
On 16 April 2002, the three main Italian trade union confederations - Cgil,
Cisl and Uil - held a general strike to protest against the centre-right
government's labour market reforms. The unions claim that 90% of workers took
part in the strike, while employers put the figure at less than 60%.
Following the strike, the trade unions met to discuss the chances of resuming
negotiations with the government, but the climate does not currently seem
In April 2002, the Dutch government resigned after the publication of
research into the events around the fall of the Bosnian enclave of
Srebrenica, which was under the protection of Dutch peacekeepers, in 1995.
Trade unions representing military personnel have called for the resignation
of the army leadership at the time and for a parliamentary inquiry, which has
now been launched.
The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.
The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2020. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.
Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.
Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in two rounds – in April and in July 2020. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.
Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.
Eurofound's representativness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.
This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).
This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.
The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.
The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.
How can working conditions be improved to make work more sustainable over the life course? This question has been the guiding principle for analysis of the 2015 European Working Conditions Survey data during the period of Eurofound’s work programme for 2017–2020. This flagship report brings together the different research strands from this work and gives a comprehensive answer to the question. It includes an analysis of trends in working conditions, examining whether these are the same for all workers or whether inequalities between different groups of workers are increasing.
Access to key social services, especially education and healthcare, as well as stable family life and decent housing are necessary for the well-being and development of children. Ensuring that all children have these resources is an EU priority; the European Commission is currently undertaking to recommend a Child Guarantee to address the situations of children in need. Service provision has been complicated by the COVID-19 outbreak, however, and the pandemic has put psychological and material strains on families.
This report builds on Eurofound's existing research on social mobility, assessing the distribution and transmission of wealth in Member States. It examines the roles of inheritance and household debt in explaining the transmission of advantage or disadvantage between the generations across Member States. The analysis is based on Eurosystem's Household Finance and Consumption Survey (HFCS).
This report analyses the involvement of the national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, and their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs) and other key policy documents of the European Semester cycle.
This report will focus on assessing the employment impact of the COVID-19 crisis, including its effects across sectors and for different categories of workers. It will also be looking at measures implemented to limit negative effects following the Coronavirus outbreak in Europe.
This report examines the contribution of social and employment services in EU Member States to the inclusion of people with disabilities, specifically in relation to the impact these have on labour market integration – in line with the 2006 UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. The report includes a discussion of the costs and benefits of different approaches.
This report examines people's optimism about the future, for themselves and for others, and the extent to which it varies depending on one's social situation and perceptions of the quality of society. The study includes an analysis of the relationships between people’s perceptions of fairness and objective indicators of their social and economic situation and living standards.
This study provides information allowing for an assessment of the representativeness of the actors involved in the European sectoral social dialogue committee for the civil aviation (flight crew) sector. Their relative representativeness legitimises their right to be consulted, their role and effective participation in the European sectoral social dialogue and their capacity to negotiate agreements.
The European Green Deal is at the very top of Member State agendas across the EU. This topical update maps the national discussions – in policy, public and research debates – on the potential, ongoing or already felt impact on work and employment of the transition to a low-carbon economy. It attempts to identify the most active actors involved in these discussions (governments, social partners, NGOs and so on) and their perspectives.
This report will draw from case studies of establishments across the EU that have introduced advanced digital technologies in the workplace. The technologies in focus are the Internet of Things, 3D printing and virtual and augmented reality. Each case study – illustrated in the report - will explore the approach or strategy taken by the establishment to manage the digital transition and the impact of the deployment of the technology on the work organisation and job quality.