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  • Article
    22 Květen 2002

    On 15 March 2002, the government put forward its proposal [1] for amendments
    to the Act relating to Labour Disputes (Arbeidstvistloven). It contains only
    minor alterations to the present legal framework, and the more controversial
    proposals made in 2001 by the 'Stabel committee' (see below) were ignored.
    The implication is that the government is not proposing significant changes
    with regard to the current rules on collective bargaining, mediation and
    ballots over mediation proposal . The proposal is to be considered by
    parliament (Stortinget) before summer 2002, and is likely to be approved.


  • Article
    22 Květen 2002

    In February 2002, Spain's CEOE employers' organisation issued a report
    examining the development of new information and communication technologies
    in the Spanish and European economies, and proposing measures to develop the
    'information society' in the future. This issue, which is of enormous
    importance to the future of employment and the economy, is only now starting
    to emerge in Spanish industrial relations.

  • Article
    22 Květen 2002

    April 2002 saw publication of the report of a commission set up by the
    Spanish government to examine a reform of the system of personal income tax.
    The report proposes a reduction in tax rates and in the number of tax
    brackets, along with various measures for families and children. While
    supported by employers, the report has met with total rejection by the trade
    unions, not least because of its repercussions for women and families.

  • Article
    22 Květen 2002

    French trade unions and employers' associations have been conducting a study
    of the employment-related 'good practices' that other EU Member States have
    implemented under the European employment strategy. Following this initial
    experiment, an EU-wide network of national-level social partners involved in
    their countries' National Action Plans for employment will be created during
    the course of 2002.

  • Article
    22 Květen 2002

    In May 2002, the Confederation of Finnish Industry and Employers (TT)
    published a report comparing Finnish pay levels with those in other
    countries, which states that the total wages of Finnish industrial employees
    are among the highest in EU. According to the Central Organisation of Finnish
    Trade Unions (SAK), the report seeks to promote employers' aims and
    represents an opening shot in the next incomes policy bargaining round.

  • Annual report
    22 Květen 2002

    An overview of the Foundation's activities in 2001 - abridged version. This publication contains four of the eight annexes of the official Annual Report 2001. See Annexes.

  • Article
    22 Květen 2002

    After the general strike of 16 April 2002, there had been no resumption of
    talks between the Italian social partners and government on reform of the
    labour market by mid-May. In order to break this apparent stalemate, the
    trade union confederations Cgil, Cisl and Uil have called forcefully for
    dialogue to resume shortly with the government and have drawn up some
    proposals to help talks, focusing, in particular, on a substantial reform of
    the so-called 'social shock absorbers' (the measures which help cushion the
    effects of job losses and restructuring).

  • Article
    22 Květen 2002

    In May 2002, an agreement to foster employment was signed in Milan by the
    municipal authorities, trade unions and employers' organisations. This 'pact
    for employment and growth' follows an 'employment pact' signed in February
    2000, which caused a split in the union ranks, as Cgil refused to sign it.
    The new pact has been signed by all the three main union confederations,
    including Cgil, and sets up a comprehensive framework for social concertation
    at local level.

  • Article
    21 Květen 2002

    Over 1998-2000, the possible introduction of a 35-hour working week was a
    particularly hot topic in Spanish industrial relations. Here we review the
    spread of the 35-hour week up until the end of 2001, finding that nearly 1.4
    million workers now have an agreed 35-hour week, with more progress made in
    the public sector than the private. However, it appears that the issue is no
    longer as prominent as it was.

  • Article
    21 Květen 2002

    In 2002, Spanish trade unions have been raising the issue of the problems
    faced by domestic workers. Work in Spain's domestic service sector is mainly
    done by women, and is increasingly becoming the main form of integration into
    the labour market for female immigrants. Domestic workers are covered by a
    special system of employment law and social security, which is inferior in
    many respects to that enjoyed by other workers. There is much informal and
    irregular employment, and pay and conditions are reported to be
    deteriorating. The unions want the special system for domestic workers to be
    brought into line with the general legal and social security system.


  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in three rounds – in April and July 2020 and in March 2021. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

Forthcoming publications