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  • CAR
    2 Květen 2002

    The comparative study was compiled on the basis of individual national
    reports submitted by EIRO's national centres. The text of each of these
    national reports is available below in Word format. The reports have not been
    edited or approved by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living
    and Working Conditions. The national reports were drawn up in response to a
    questionnaire [1] and should be read in conjunctionwith it.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/sites/default/files/ef_files/eiro/2002/01/word/tn0109q.doc

  • CAR
    2 Květen 2002

    The comparative study was compiled on the basis of individual national
    reports submitted by EIRO's national centres. The text of each of these
    national reports is available below in Word format. The reports have not been
    edited or approved by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living
    and Working Conditions. The national reports were drawn up in response to a
    questionnaire [1] and should be read in conjunctionwith it.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/sites/default/files/ef_files/eiro/2002/01/word/tn0109q.doc

  • Article
    29 Duben 2002

    The spring 2002 collective bargaining round in the Netherlands has proved
    difficult, with industrial action in sectors such as construction and public
    transport. Despite calls for pay moderation, agreed wage increases were
    generally just under 4% (above predicted inflation) until a markedly lower
    rise was agreed, following a major strike, at Philips in April. The Philips
    deal may set the pattern for subsequent bargaining in export-oriented
    manufacturing, but there are still fears of a wage-price spiral.

  • Article
    29 Duben 2002

    In 2001-2, trade unions in the Catalonia region of Spain have taken a number
    of initiatives aimed at examining and criticising the level of unstable
    employment. CC.OO's Catalan organisation has drawn up a 'blacklist' of the
    200 most unstable companies in the region, using a 'barometer of employment
    quality' to highlight alleged abuses of temporary employment, subcontracting
    etc. It claims that this exercise has led to intervention by the Labour
    Inspectorate and the conclusion of new collective agreements. UGT's Catalan
    organisation has conducted a study on unstable employment.

  • Article
    29 Duben 2002

    A long-running wave of industrial action by Portuguese doctors intensified in
    March 2002, mainly over issues such as staffing and overtime. The conflict
    has run parallel to a political debate over the effectiveness of the national
    health system, which was an important issue in March's general election.

  • Article
    29 Duben 2002

    In March 2002, new rules were introduced in Portugal on the employment of
    young people who have not completed compulsory schooling or do not possess
    any vocational qualifications, providing new flexibility in recruitment for
    companies but obliging them to provide training. The new legislation comes
    within the context of an intersectoral agreement on employment and training
    signed by the government and social partners in 2001.

  • Article
    29 Duben 2002

    Prior to the first round of voting in France's presidential elections on 21
    April 2002, trade unions and employers' associations entered the debate. This
    feature reviews the social partners' various positions and demands, as well
    as some of the candidates' proposals in the areas of social affairs and
    industrial relations.

  • Article
    28 Duben 2002

    The Employment and Social Policy Council of Ministers met in Brussels on 7
    March 2002 under the Spanish Presidency to discuss a range of issues. The
    Council first held a debate in preparation for the Barcelona European Council
    meeting on the economic, social and environmental situation, which took place
    on 15–16 March (EU0203205F [1]). A number of conclusions on a variety of
    employment and social issues were reached, which were then forwarded to the
    Barcelona Council.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-labour-market/barcelona-summit-assesses-labour-market-progress

  • Article
    28 Duben 2002

    The development of trade union information and communications technology
    (ICT) strategies has been on the agenda for some time in the Norwegian labour
    movement (NO9803155F [1] and NO9910159F [2]), but unions have been slow to
    recognise the potential of new technology in relation to recruitment and
    organisational activity. In face of declining membership rates and financial
    difficulties (NO0012116F [3]), however, there is an increasing awareness of
    the need for unions to modernise their organisations in order to adapt and
    improve services to their members, as well as to recruit new members, in
    particular from the ICT sector. Indeed some unions will owe much of their
    future existence to their ability to recruit in the new companies and
    industries created by these technologies.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/trade-unions-focus-on-information-technology
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/increasing-trade-union-use-of-the-internet
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-industrial-relations/trade-unions-face-financial-difficulties

  • Article
    28 Duben 2002

    Debate about health and safety at work in France has been intensified over
    2001-2 by the publication of several highly critical reports on the
    prevention of work-related accidents and occupational illnesses, various
    legislative developments and a landmark court ruling on employers'
    responsibility for asbestos protection. These developments have combined to
    mount a challenge to the existing system of prevention and raised the
    prospect of a reform of the entire raft of compensatory measures for
    work-related accidents and occupational illnesses.

Series

  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2020. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in two rounds – in April and in July 2020. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

Forthcoming publications