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  • Article
    28 Duben 2002

    Debate about health and safety at work in France has been intensified over
    2001-2 by the publication of several highly critical reports on the
    prevention of work-related accidents and occupational illnesses, various
    legislative developments and a landmark court ruling on employers'
    responsibility for asbestos protection. These developments have combined to
    mount a challenge to the existing system of prevention and raised the
    prospect of a reform of the entire raft of compensatory measures for
    work-related accidents and occupational illnesses.

  • Article
    28 Duben 2002

    Four years of economic growth and declining unemployment have only slightly
    reduced poverty and social exclusion in France. This is the conclusion of an
    official report, issued in March 2002, that also highlights the fact that
    these phenomena have affected specific social groups and areas of the country
    more than others.

  • Article
    28 Duben 2002

    Finland's national programme for older workers - in which the social partners
    are central players - ended in March 2002 with a seminar to discuss its
    results. Research indicates that the labour market position of people aged
    over 45 has been improved over the five years of the programme: their
    employment rate has increased and the average retirement age has been raised
    by a few years. Finland is considered as providing an example to the rest of
    the EU in terms of policies to deal with the ageing workforce.

  • Article
    25 Duben 2002

    A new Directive extending some of the protection of the 1993 EU Directive
    (93/104/EC) concerning certain aspects of the organisation of working time
    [1] to mobile workers in the road transport sector gained the approval of the
    Council of Ministers and the European Parliament (EP) in February 2002. The
    text of Directive 2002/15/EC on the organisation of the working time of
    persons performing mobile road transport activities [2] was published in the
    EU /Official Journal/ on 23 March 2002 and Member States have three years in
    which to transpose its provisions into national legislation.


  • Article
    25 Duben 2002

    After two months of bargaining, Greece's new National General Collective
    Agreement for the private sector was signed in April 2002. The agreement will
    be in force for the two-year period, 2002-3. It provides for pay increases of
    5.4% in 2002 and 3.9% in 2003, along with a variety of new provisions on
    employment conditions and social issues. The topic of working time reduction
    has been referred to a special committee.

  • Article
    25 Duben 2002

    After 14 months of negotiations, the European-level intersectoral social
    partners concluded on 28 February 2002 a joint text on training and
    competence development. The 'Framework of actions for the lifelong
    development of competencies and qualifications [1] ' was presented to the
    European Council which was held in Barcelona on 15–16 March 2002
    (EU0203205F [2]). The social partners organisations involved were: the
    European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC), along with representatives of
    liaison committee for managerial and professional staff, which brings
    together the ETUC-affiliated Council of European Professional and Managerial
    Staff (EUROCADRES) and the independent European Confederation of Executives
    and Managerial Staff (CEC); the Union of Industrial and Employers'
    Confederations of Europe (UNICE), in cooperation with the European
    Association of Craft and Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (UEAPME); and the
    European Centre of Enterprises with Public Participation and of Enterprises
    of General Economic Interest (CEEP).


  • Article
    25 Duben 2002

    Under the terms of the Austrian Constitution, the country has three levels of
    government: the federal (ie central) state; the provinces (Länder); and the
    local state (cities and municipalities). The local state provides two
    categories of local public services: governmental services in the narrow
    sense; and such consumer-oriented services as transport, power and rubbish
    collection, which are often organised in the form of businesses owned by the
    respective city or municipality. Since Austrian cities and municipalities
    have so far largely refrained from privatising such consumer-oriented
    services, this feature examining industrial relations in local public
    services considers them in the broad sense (ie covering both categories of

  • Article
    25 Duben 2002

    Between 1 March and 31 May 2002, works council election [1] s are taking
    place in German establishments under the terms of new Works Constitution Act
    (Betriebsverfassungsgesetz, BetrVG) passed in 2001 (DE0107234F [2]). The
    BetrVG, which had previously remained almost unchanged for 30 years,
    determines the legal framework for co-determination [3] at the establishment
    level in the private sector.


  • Article
    25 Duben 2002

    The 2002 collective bargaining round (NO0202104F [1]) commenced on 11 March
    with industry-level negotiations in the engineering sector between the
    Federation of Norwegian Manufacturing Industries (Teknologibedriftenes
    Landsforening, TBL) and the Norwegian United Federation of Trade Unions
    (Fellesforbundet). The most important issues on the bargaining agenda were
    wages and the introduction of an agreement-based occupational pension scheme.
    Following almost a month of negotiations and mediation, a proposal for a new
    collective agreement was put forward on 9 April.


  • Article
    25 Duben 2002

    An agreement between the minority Social Democratic Party (Socialdemokratiska
    Arbetarepartiet, SAP) government and the Left Party (Vänsterpartiet) and
    Green Party (Miljöpartiet de Gröna), setting out the framework for a new
    system of 'individual learning accounts', was announced on 12 March 2002. The
    agreement is based largely on proposals on an individual skill development
    savings system made in December 2000 (SE0101178F [1]) by a
    government-appointed commissioner (/SOU 2000:19/). On 15 April 2002, the
    government presented a bill on the issue, containing provisions very similar
    to those in the agreement between the three parties.



  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2020. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in two rounds – in April and in July 2020. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

Forthcoming publications