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  • Article
    11 Duben 2002

    During the course of 2001, the main trade union in banking and finance, the
    Financial Services Union (Finansforbundet, FF) conducted a study based on
    telephone interviews with its 1,200 current workplace union representative
    [1] s (tillidsrepræsentanten) and 700 former representatives. The study,
    published in April 2002, finds that although workplace union representatives
    in the financial sector have a growing workload, they have little influence
    on major issues such as the working environment, dismissals and wages.
    Nevertheless, those involved find that their work as union representatives is
    an interesting task.


  • Article
    11 Duben 2002

    In March 2002, Spain's UGT trade union confederation held its 38th confederal
    congress. Cándido Méndez was re-elected as general secretary as part of an
    expanded executive committee, and delegates approved various new demands in
    areas such as working time reduction, employment stability and social

  • Article
    11 Duben 2002

    On 23 March 2002, Italy's Cgil trade union confederation organised a major
    demonstration in Rome against the centre-right government's economic policy
    and, following the murder of Marco Biagi, against terrorism. The event was
    claimed to be Italy's largest demonstration since the Second World War.

  • Article
    9 Duben 2002

    Spain, Greece and Portugal have the EU's lowest pay levels, according to
    comparative information produced in early 2002 by a 'Social Eurobarometer'
    set up by the Catalan regional organisation of Spain's CC.OO trade union

  • Article
    9 Duben 2002

    The Norwegian Gender Equality Act [1] was adopted in 1978 for the purpose of
    safeguarding the equal treatment of women and men in a range of areas,
    including working life. A number of proposals for amendments to the Act have
    been discussed recently, most of which relate to equality in working life.
    The proposals were originally placed before parliament (Stortinget) in spring
    2001 by the Labour Party (Det norske Arbeiderparti, DnA) government, which
    resigned before the proposals were considered. The new centre-right minority
    coalition government of the Conservative Party (Høyre), the Christian
    Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti, KRF), and the Liberal Party (Venstre)
    that entered office in autumn 2001 (NO0110108F [2]) placed the proposals
    before parliament once again. There is a majority in favour of strengthening
    the Gender Equality Act in parliament, and the amendments were thus expected
    to be approved during April 2002.


  • Article
    9 Duben 2002

    In March 2002, an agreement between management and trade unions ended a
    month-long dispute about pay and staff status at the FNAC music and book
    store on the Champs-Elysées in Paris. The deal made it possible for wage
    bargaining to be resumed for FNAC's other outlets.

  • Article
    9 Duben 2002

    On 28 March 2002, under the aegis of the Minister of Employment and Labour,
    the Belgian social partners concluded a draft agreement dealing with the
    resolution of industrial disputes, the simplification of employment promotion
    schemes, and the harmonisation of the status of blue- and white-collar
    workers. The social partners undertake to prioritise social dialogue in the
    event of any strike action. The deal has removed a serious obstacle to
    negotiations over a new intersectoral agreement for 2003-4.

  • Article
    9 Duben 2002

    On coming to office in November 2001, the new minority coalition government
    of the Liberal Party (Venstre) and Conservative People's Party (Konservative
    Folkeparti) announced that, as part of its programme for its first 100 days
    in office, it would table a bill establishing a state unemployment [1]
    insurance fund (UIF) as an alternative to the existing private UIFs (which
    are administered by trade unions) (DK0112147F [2]). However, in spring 2002,
    by agreement with the right-wing opposition Danish People's Party (Dansk
    Folkeparti, DF), the government decided to withdraw the bill, which would
    have given employees more freedom of choice in UIFs. However, the
    government's proposal to allow the creation of cross-sector UIFs with a view
    to promoting flexibility on the labour market will continue, with DF support.
    Furthermore, if this measure does not have the desired effect in terms of
    labour market flexibility, the bill on state UIFs can be tabled again at a
    later stage, with the issue to be reconsidered in 2004 at the latest.


  • Article
    8 Duben 2002

    Against the background of relatively moderate pay rises in recent years
    (DE0201201F [1]), most German trade unions have called for significant cost
    increases of between 4% and 6.5% in the 2002 collective bargaining round.


  • Article
    8 Duben 2002

    In late March 2002, after a month of difficult and confrontational
    bargaining, talks over a new collective agreement for the Greek banking
    sector reached an impasse, and trade unions started to plan industrial


  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2020. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in two rounds – in April and in July 2020. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

Forthcoming publications