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  • Article
    2 Duben 2002

    In February 2002, the National Mediation Office (Medlingsinstitutet)
    presented its first annual report [1], covering 2001. The National Mediation
    Office was established in 2000 (SE9912110F [2]) and its primary function is
    to be responsible for mediation in labour disputes in cases where the social
    partners have not reached their own agreements on bargaining rules and
    mediation (see below). The National Mediation Office's most important goal,
    as formulated by its director-general Anders Lindström in May
    2001(SE0105195F [3]), is to achieve a well-functioning and sustainable
    process of wage formation on the Swedish labour market. Among the National
    Mediation Office's tasks is the publication of an annual report on wage
    developments. The National Mediation Office is also responsible for public
    wage statistics, conducting analyses and promoting research, all in order to
    provide a sound basis for the social partners' wage negotiations.


  • Article
    27 Březen 2002

    On 26 March 2002, the Swedish government announced that it had decided to
    support a proposal from the board of the Swedish-based telecommunications
    company Telia AB for a merger with the Finnish-owned Sonera Oyj. The merger
    will involve a share exchange, with the current Telia shareholders owning 64%
    of the new company and current Sonera shareholders 36%. The merged company
    would be the largest telecommunications operator in the Nordic countries and
    the Baltic states. Currently, the Swedish state owns 70% of Telia, and the
    Finnish state 53% of Sonera. The Swedish state would own 45% of the new
    merged company, and the Finnish state 19%. Telia currently has about 34,000
    employees and Sonera 10,000.

  • Article
    27 Březen 2002

    In March 2002, a Finnish parliamentary working group on adult education and
    training submitted a proposal for raising education and skill levels. The SAK
    trade union confederation finds the proposal significant from the perspective
    of helping employees cope at work and improving employment opportunities. The
    TT employers' confederation has presented its own programme for raising the
    level of 'know-how' in Finland.

  • Article
    27 Březen 2002

    Disputes over general practitioners' consultation fees continued in France in
    March 2002. An agreement on new rates signed in January by the CNAMTS
    sickness insurance funds and one of the two general practitioners'
    associations was rejected by other association, which has continued to
    organise action, such as refusing to work on-call at night or at weekends.
    Furthermore, a minority of doctors are systematically charging fees in excess
    of the going rate. Meanwhile, the authorities are continuing to establish a
    new system of organising the relationship between the sickness insurance
    funds and doctors, and disputes in other parts of the health sector are still
    at serious levels.

  • Article
    27 Březen 2002

    Economic growth continued quite strongly across most of the EU Member States
    during the first half of 2001, after a robust performance in 2000. However,
    the economies of many countries began to falter towards the middle of the
    year and the nascent downturn was exacerbated by the terrorist attacks on the
    USA of 11 September, throwing many sectors, such as civil aviation, tourism
    and related industries, into crisis. Thus, annual growth figures for the year
    to the third quarter of 2001 show that average GDP growth was 1.4% in both
    the 12 countries of the 'euro-zone' and the 15 Member States, down
    significantly when compared with the figure of 3.4% in the euro-zone and 3.3%
    in the 15 Member States for the year to the third quarter of 2000 - see
    figure 1 below. Growth was highest in the year to the third quarter of 2001
    in Spain (2.8%) and the UK (2.2%), and lowest in Finland (0.0%) and Germany

  • Article
    27 Březen 2002

    Telecommunications and most types of postal service were long organised as a
    state monopoly in Austria. The services covered by this monopoly were
    performed by the Austrian Postal Authorities (Österreichische Post- und
    Telegraphenverwaltung, ÖPTV), which was part of the public service sector.
    The ÖPTV was succeeded in 1996 by Post- und Telekom Austria (PTA), which is
    organised according to private company law. Both organisations cover(ed) both
    posts and telecommunications and the two areas are examined together here -
    indeed the NACE 'statistical classification of economic activities in the
    European Community' lists them both under NACE classification 64 ('post and

  • Article
    27 Březen 2002

    Uil, one of Italy's three main trade union confederations, held its 13th
    national congress in March 2002 in Turin. The congress was dominated by the
    conflict between the unions and the government on the latter's proposals for
    reform of the labour market, the pension system and the tax system. Debate at
    the congress also highlighted the political divisions between the three union

  • Work programme
    27 Březen 2002

    The second annual programme of work based on the Foundation's four-year programme 2001-2004: analysing and anticipating change to support socio-economic progress. The principles of the programme include developing and consolidating the main areas of activity: research / development, debate / discussion, information / dissemination; and strengthening core areas of expertise - working conditions, living conditions and industrial relations.

  • Article
    26 Březen 2002

    In the early months of 2002, various Italian internet and other 'new economy'
    businesses reacted to the crisis in the sector by threatening job losses or
    closures. As a consequence, workers approached the trade unions and resorted
    to innovative forms of action and communication. Are we therefore witnessing
    the birth of industrial relations in a sector to date largely based on the
    individual employment relationship?


  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in three rounds – in April and July 2020 and in March 2021. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

Forthcoming publications