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Latest publications

  • Article
    10 Září 2003

    The EU Directive establishing a general framework for equal treatment in
    employment and occupation (Directive 2000/78/EC [1]) was adopted in November
    2000 (EU0102295F [2]). The Directive seeks to lay down a general framework
    for combating discrimination, as regards employment and occupation, on the
    grounds of: religion or belief; disability; age; and sexual orientation. It
    is to be implemented by the EU Member States by 2 December 2003 (with a
    possible later deadline for the provisions on age and disability
    discrimination, if Member States see this as necessary).

    [1] http://europa.eu.int/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexapi!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=en&numdoc=32000L0078&model=guichett
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-social-policies/new-framework-equal-treatment-directive-examined

  • Article
    10 Září 2003

    The EU Directive establishing a general framework for equal treatment in
    employment and occupation (Directive 2000/78/EC [1]) was adopted in November
    2000 (EU0102295F [2]). The Directive seeks to lay down a general framework
    for combating discrimination, as regards employment and occupation, on the
    grounds of: religion or belief; disability; age; and sexual orientation. It
    is to be implemented by the EU Member States by 2 December 2003 (with a
    possible later deadline for the provisions on age and disability
    discrimination, if Member States see this as necessary).

    [1] http://europa.eu.int/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexapi!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=en&numdoc=32000L0078&model=guichett
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-social-policies/new-framework-equal-treatment-directive-examined

  • Article
    10 Září 2003

    This article examines the French situation, as of August 2003, with regard to
    the implementation and impact of the 2000 EU Directive establishing a general
    framework for equal treatment in employment and occupation, which seeks to
    combat discrimination on the grounds of religion or belief, disability, age
    and sexual orientation.

  • Report
    10 Září 2003

    This report, tackling 25 years of work by the Foundation on time and time related issues, represents an innovative attempt to draw together and consolidate the body of work carried out by the Foundation on this subject. In taking the large range of work on time as the main subject of analysis, the report provides some context to the influence of such work at a European and national level. Significantly, it underlines how the study of time issues can provide crucial insights into how best to address the challenges of the European social policy agenda and examines to what extent this has been achieved.

  • Article
    9 Září 2003

    The EU Directive establishing a general framework for equal treatment in
    employment and occupation (Directive 2000/78/EC [1]) was adopted in November
    2000 (EU0102295F [2]). The Directive seeks to lay down a general framework
    for combating discrimination, as regards employment and occupation, on the
    grounds of: religion or belief; disability; age; and sexual orientation. It
    is to be implemented by the EU Member States by 2 December 2003 (with a
    possible later deadline for the provisions on age and disability
    discrimination, if Member States see this as necessary).

    [1] http://europa.eu.int/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexapi!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=en&numdoc=32000L0078&model=guichett
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-social-policies/new-framework-equal-treatment-directive-examined

  • Article
    9 Září 2003

    The EU Directive establishing a general framework for equal treatment in
    employment and occupation (Directive 2000/78/EC [1]) was adopted in November
    2000 (EU0102295F [2]). The Directive seeks to lay down a general framework
    for combating discrimination, as regards employment and occupation, on the
    grounds of: religion or belief; disability; age; and sexual orientation. It
    is to be implemented by the EU Member States by 2 December 2003 (with a
    possible later deadline for the provisions on age and disability
    discrimination, if Member States see this as necessary).

    [1] http://europa.eu.int/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexapi!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=en&numdoc=32000L0078&model=guichett
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-social-policies/new-framework-equal-treatment-directive-examined

  • Article
    9 Září 2003

    In June 2003, the Portuguese government issued a set of discussion papers
    setting out proposals for reform of the public administration, with the aim
    of making it more flexible. Along with organisational and management changes,
    the proposals include new assessment procedures and training measures for
    civil servants. Trade unions have complained of a lack of dialogue and
    consultation on the reform

  • Article
    9 Září 2003

    Recent figures from Statistics Norway (Statistisk Sentralbyrå, SSB) show a
    significant decline in the labour force participation rate of people with
    disabilities, or 'impaired functionality'. Only 42.5% of all people in this
    group were in employment in the second quarter of 2003, while at the same
    time 3.9% were unemployed, compared with 46.6% and 3.1% respectively in the
    same quarter of 2002. The total labour force participation rate of people
    with disabilities/impaired functionality was 46.4% in the second quarter of
    2003 - a significant drop from the 49.5% recorded in the same quarter of
    2002. The figure is much lower than that for the whole population, which has
    a labour force participation rate of 79% in 2003. The unemployment rate, on
    the other hand, is not higher among people with disabilities than in the
    population at large.

  • Report
    9 Září 2003

    This report demonstrates the form that the descriptive and analytical components of the monitoring programme on quality of life could take. If individual and national quality of life is to be improved in the European Union through evidence based social policy, this will require both descriptive and analytical monitoring programmes. This report begins the task of providing both a descriptive benchmark for the monitoring programme and an analytical understanding of the processes that shape these patterns.

  • Article
    8 Září 2003

    Temporary agency workers can no longer be employed at lower wages than paid
    to employees of the user company at the same workplace for the same work.
    This is the implication of an arbitration award issued on 1 September 2003 in
    a case involving the Union of Danish Electricians (Dansk El-Forbund) and
    Tekniq, the employers' organisation for heating and plumbing engineering and
    electrical installation, which found that temporary agency workers should
    work under the same contractual terms as apply to user company employees who
    perform the same work, including the same wages. The building workers'
    section of the General Workers’ Union in Denmark (Specialarbejderforbundet
    i Danmark, SiD) has described this award as a 'U-turn' in terms of the legal
    status of temporary agency workers.

Series

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, launched in April 2020, with five rounds completed at different stages during 2020, 2021 and 2022. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

Forthcoming publications