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  • Article
    17 Srpen 2003

    Around 500 British Airways (BA) customer service workers, including check-in
    and ticket-desk staff, went on strike at the company’s Heathrow hub on 18
    July 2003, in protest at the introduction of an automated swipe-card system
    for recording their attendance. The strike led to the cancellation or
    diversion of more than 500 flights affecting some 100,000 passengers, many of
    whom were left stranded at the airport. Staff returned to work after two days
    but the disruption continued as the company struggled to reposition aircraft
    and crew. Three unions had members involved in the stoppage, the Transport
    and General Workers’ Union (TGWU), GMB and Amicus, though the strike was
    unofficial and not endorsed by them. There were threats to escalate the
    dispute by balloting members for further industrial action. However, talks
    between BA and the unions continued until a settlement was reached on 30
    July.

  • Article
    17 Srpen 2003

    In the light of the fact that the European Union will admit 10 new Member
    States in May 2004, thus enlarging its membership from 15 to 25 countries,
    work has been progressing on a revision of the various EU Treaties. The aim
    is mainly to streamline the workings of the EU but also to simplify the
    Treaties and make the EU more accessible to its citizens. The European
    Convention- chaired by Valéry Giscard d’Estaing, the former French
    President - was charged with reviewing the Treaties and proposing changes.
    The Convention [1] began its work in February 2002 (EU0305203N [2] and
    EU0201231N [3]) and concluded it with the presentation of a complete draft of
    a new constitutional Treaty in the summer of 2003. A preliminary version of
    the draft was submitted to the Thessaloniki European Council meeting in June
    2003 (EU0307204F [4]), after which a final version was published on 10 July
    2003 and submitted to the President of the European Council in Rome on 18
    July.

    [1] http://european-convention.eu.int/index.asp
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/european-convention-issues-draft-reform-proposals
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/laeken-council-endorses-employment-strategy-and-prepares-for-further-treaty-reform
    [4] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/draft-eu-constitution-presented-to-thessaloniki-council

  • Article
    14 Srpen 2003

    On 13 June 2003, after a lengthy negotiating process in which the public
    conciliator became involved, the Estonian Hospitals Association (Eesti
    Haiglate Liit, EHL [1]) employers’ organisation and three trade unions -
    the Estonian Medical Association (Eesti Arstide Liit, EAL [2]), the Trade
    Union Association of Health Officers of Estonia (Eesti Keskastme
    Tervishoiutöötajate Kutseliit, EKTK [3]) and the Federation of Estonian
    Health Care Professionals Unions (Tervishoiutöötajate Ametiühingute Liit,
    ETTAL [4]) - signed a pay agreement for healthcare workers. The main
    objective of the agreement is to set minimum wage rates for the various
    categories of employee and to harmonise differences in minimum wages between
    regions and different types of hospitals. According to the new agreement, the
    hourly minimum wages were to increase to EEK 50 for doctors (a 25% increase),
    EEK 25 for nurses and EEK 16 for care assistants (an 18.5% increase) from 1
    July 2003, assuming that the reference prices for medical services increased
    simultaneously. This increase in reference prices would enable the Estonian
    Health Insurance Fund [5] (Eesti Haigekassa) to find the additional money
    required for the agreed wage increases.

    [1] http://www.haiglateliit.ee/
    [2] http://www.arstideliit.ee/
    [3] http://www.kutseliit.ee/
    [4] http://www.hot.ee/ettal
    [5] http://www.haigekassa.ee/

  • CAR
    13 Srpen 2003

    The comparative study was compiled on the basis of individual national
    reports submitted by EIRO's national centres. The text of each of these
    national reports is available below in Word format. The reports have not been
    edited or approved by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living
    and Working Conditions. The national reports were drawn up in response to a
    questionnaire [1] and should be read in conjunction with it.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/sites/default/files/ef_files/eiro/2002/08/word/tn0204q.doc

  • CAR
    13 Srpen 2003

    The comparative study was compiled on the basis of individual national
    reports submitted by EIRO's national centres. The text of each of these
    national reports is available below in Word format. The reports have not been
    edited or approved by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living
    and Working Conditions. The national reports were drawn up in response to a
    questionnaire [1] and should be read in conjunction with it.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/sites/default/files/ef_files/eiro/2002/08/word/tn0204q.doc

  • Article
    13 Srpen 2003

    Following several years of steady growth in sickness absence levels, new
    figures [1] published by Statistics Norway (Statistisk Sentralbyrå, SSB) in
    summer 2003 show that the growth came to a halt in the year to the first
    quarter of 2003. Furthermore, figures produced by the Federation of Norwegian
    Process Industries (Prosessindustriens Landsforening, PIL), a member
    association of the Confederation of Norwegian Business and Industry
    (Næringslivets Hovedorganisasjon, NHO), indicate a marked decline in the
    number of working days lost due to sickness absence in companies that have
    entered into so-called 'inclusive working life' agreements.

    [1] http://www.ssb.no/sykefratot/

  • Article
    13 Srpen 2003

    On 30 June 2003, a new collective agreement for electricians was concluded by
    the Swedish Electricians' Union (Svenska Elektrikerförbundet, SEF) and the
    Swedish Electric Contractors' Association (Svenska Elektriska
    Installatörsorganisationen, EIO), ending several months of negotiations,
    mediation and industrial action. SEF had cancelled the previous collective
    agreement a year in advance, as permitted by the agreement, and presented a
    list of 29 demands to the employers. The most important of the demands
    related to decreasing stress in the building sector, where electricians are
    reportedly being given less and less time to perform their work, which occurs
    towards the end of the building process. EIO immediately rejected the union's
    demands. Mediators were called in and drew up a proposal that was rejected by
    SEF in late April 2003. The negotiations seemed to have reached a deadlock .

  • Article
    13 Srpen 2003

    In March 2003, Alstom, the French-based engineering multinational, announced
    a major Europe-wide restructuring plan which includes major cuts in its
    activities and 5,000 job losses. In July, management obtained shareholders'
    approval for an increase in capital as part of the plan, while employees from
    across Europe demonstrated in protest against the workforce reductions. The
    French government is intervening to support Alstom’s activity, enable the
    sale of assets and allow partnerships to be formed.

  • Article
    13 Srpen 2003

    After a difficult start, negotiations between the social partners on reform
    of the French vocational training system led in July 2003 to consensus on the
    basic points of an agreement on the issue. However, there are still
    differences over the division of training costs between employers and
    employees and on the possibility of training outside working hours. The
    negotiators were to meet again in early September 2003 to finalise an
    agreement.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

Forthcoming publications