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  • Article
    9 Červenec 2003

    In May 2003, a /methods agreement/ was signed between trade unions and
    management at GIAT Industries, the French arms manufacturer. The agreement
    sets out a procedure and timetable for consultations over a major
    restructuring plan involving large-scale job losses which the company
    announced in April. In line with this procedure, a draft 'company contract',
    outlining the state's commitments and GIAT's plans for the 2003-8 period, was
    presented in June and criticised by the unions.

  • Article
    9 Červenec 2003

    A reform of France's /UNEDIC/ unemployment insurance scheme agreed by
    employers' organisations and three trade union confederations in December
    2002 will substantially restrict unemployment benefit entitlements when new
    eligibility rules come into force on 1 January 2004. In mid-2003, UNEDIC
    issued figures indicating that cuts in entitlement will affect between
    610,000 and 860,000 people currently in receipt of benefit. These figures
    have fuelled new criticism from the union confederations (CGT and CGT-FO),
    which did not sign the reform agreement.

  • Article
    9 Červenec 2003

    In summer 2003, attempts are continuing to redeploy the 3,200 employees of
    the French airline, Air Lib, which went into liquidation in February.
    Meanwhile, the legal authorities and parliament have both been conducting
    investigations into the circumstances surrounding the takeover and subsequent
    bankruptcy of the company .

  • Article
    8 Červenec 2003

    According to figures published in 2003, tn 2002 the number of registered
    collective labour disputes in Poland fell below 100 for the first time in six
    years, while the year saw only one strike, compared with 11 in 2001. However,
    protest actions outside the employer's premises became increasingly frequent.

  • Article
    8 Červenec 2003

    A referendum on extending the right to reinstatement for unfairly dismissed
    workers provided by Article 18 of the Workers' Statute to all companies (it
    currently applies only to those with over 15 workers) was held in Italy in
    June 2003. However, it failed because only 25.7% of the Italian electorate
    went to the polls, while a turn-out of more than 50% was needed to make the
    referendum valid. The referendum reopened divisions between the trade unions.

  • Article
    8 Červenec 2003

    In June 2003, the Dutch Trade Union Federation (FNV) decided on major
    cutbacks and restructuring as a result of its poor financial position. Its
    budget is to be cut by a quarter, activities are to be reduced (notably at
    regional level) and up to 90 out of 240 jobs may be lost.

  • Article
    8 Červenec 2003

    In May 2003, all companies in the Luxembourg finance sector were asked to
    adopt a set of guidelines on tackling sexual harassment and to distribute
    them to their workforces. This initiative was launched by organisations
    representing the sector's employers, personnel managers and occupational
    health services, and includes the creation of a panel of external
    confidential advisers to whom employees can refer cases of sexual harassment.

  • Article
    8 Červenec 2003

    Slovakia is one of the EU candidate countries that have asked for support
    within the framework of the EU's PHARE [1] programme in the reinforcement of
    social dialogue and collective bargaining at all relevant levels and in the
    implementation of relevant EU Directives into national legislation. Thus, in
    2001, representatives from Slovakia, the Netherlands and the UK concluded a
    'twinning' covenant for PHARE project SR 0006.01. The twinning involves Dutch
    and British experts from governments, employers' organisations and trade
    unions transmitting their knowledge and experience to their Slovak
    colleagues. The project aims to achieve the following results:


  • Article
    8 Červenec 2003

    In late 2000, the Swedish government set up a governmental working time
    committee (Kommittén för nya arbetstids- och semesterregler, KNAS), with
    social partner involvement, to examine the entire system of legislation on
    working time and leave and make proposals for reform (SE0101176N [1]). In
    June 2002, the committee issued a report (/SOU 2002:58/) proposing new
    legislation to give all workers an additional five days of leave per year
    (SE0206105F [2]). On 17 June 2003, it presented its final report (SOU 2003:54
    [3]), calling for a simplification of current rules on annual and other forms
    of leave for employees.


  • Article
    8 Červenec 2003

    In June 2003, the Portuguese government submitted a draft 'Social contract
    for competitiveness and employment' to the social partners, aimed at
    achieving convergence with average EU levels of productivity and purchasing
    power, combating tax fraud and evasion, and increasing competitiveness. The
    government wants employers and trade unions to agree to pay moderation and
    biannual wage bargaining, along with investment in innovation and training
    and a review of company taxation.


  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in three rounds – in April and July 2020 and in March 2021. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

Forthcoming publications