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  • CAR
    11 Srpen 2003

    The comparative study was compiled on the basis of individual national
    reports submitted by EIRO's national centres. The text of each of these
    national reports is available below in Word format. The reports have not been
    edited or approved by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living
    and Working Conditions. The national reports were drawn up in response to a
    questionnaire [1] and should be read in conjunction with it.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/sites/default/files/ef_files/eiro/2003/07/word/tn0303q.doc

  • Article
    6 Srpen 2003

    The draft EU constitutional Treaty submitted to the European Council by the
    European Convention in June 2003 has given rise to some very divided opinions
    among the Belgian social partners. The employers are delighted with a draft
    that they believe will ensure that the enlarged EU functions more
    efficiently, while the trade unions have described the proposed Treaty as
    unacceptable.

  • Article
    6 Srpen 2003

    In July 2003, four socialist and liberal political parties reached agreement
    on the formation of a new Belgian federal government. The coalition agreement
    includes a number of important employment and social plans, such as creating
    200,000 jobs over four years and cutting employers' social security
    contributions. The social partners have reacted in differing ways to the new
    government's programme.

  • Article
    5 Srpen 2003

    On 17 June 2003, a new trade union, Fagforbundet, was created as the result
    of a merger between the Norwegian Union of Municipal Employees (Norsk
    Kommuneforbund, NKF) and the smaller Association of Health and Social Care
    Personnel (Norsk Helse- og Sosialforbund, NHS) (NO0211106F [1]). The new
    union, with approximately 300,000 members, is Norway's largest. It mainly
    organises employees in the municipal sector, a large majority of whom are
    women. Fagforbundet [2] is affiliated to the Norwegian Confederation of Trade
    Unions (Landsorganisasjonen i Norge, LO). NKF and NHS started talks on a
    possible merger as early as 1998, and the matter was subsequently subject to
    considerable debate and a comprehensive process of deliberation (NO9809185F
    [3] and NO0211106F [4]).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/major-union-merger-in-municipal-sector
    [2] http://www.fagforbundet.no/
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/municipal-sector-unions-consider-agreement-on-joint-cooperation
    [4] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/major-union-merger-in-municipal-sector

  • Article
    5 Srpen 2003

    In July 2003, the Portuguese government presented the second National Plan
    for Equality. The plan aims to promote equality between women and men in a
    wide range of areas, addressing matters such as education, employment,
    balancing work and family life, preventing violence against women, and social
    protection.

  • Article
    5 Srpen 2003

    On 1 July 2003, the Italian government took over the Presidency of the EU
    Council for a six-month term (EU0307205F [1]). The European Trade Union
    Confederation (ETUC) has issued a memorandum [2] to the Italian Presidency in
    which it details a list of social issues that it wishes to see addressed
    during the second half of 2003.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/italian-presidency-sets-out-priorities
    [2] http://www.etuc.org/en/index.cfm?target=/EN/Press/releases/presidence/memoitaly.cfm

  • 5 Srpen 2003

    Set against the backdrop of preparations for enlargement of the European Union, this report provides a comparative overview of the most significant industrial relations developments during 2003, both at national and EU level. The fruit of a joint collaboration between the Foundation and the European Commission, the report presents the year’s main activities in European social dialogue and employment legislation and policy. It examines the key issues covered by collective bargaining and looks at the regulation of working time.

  • Article
    5 Srpen 2003

    Meeting informally on 11–12 July 2003 in Varese, Italy under the incoming
    Italian Presidency of the Council, EU social policy and employment ministers
    discussed the issue of undeclared work in the EU. This topic, also known as
    the 'grey economy', is one of the Italian Presidency’s priorities
    (EU0307205F [1]), and is believed to account for between 7% and 19% of the
    volume of total declared employment in EU Member States. It was noted that,
    in order to try to reduce undeclared work, a specific employment guideline on
    this topic has been included in the latest employment guidelines [2] to
    Member States under the European employment strategy [3]. Actions deemed to
    be effective in combatting undeclared work include the removal of
    disincentives to declare work, the elimination of poverty traps and renewed
    efforts to make work pay. Alongside this, the Italian Presidency’s strategy
    to combat undeclared work includes penalties for not declaring work,
    incentives to declare work and legislation to avoid the poverty trap.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/italian-presidency-sets-out-priorities
    [2] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/employment_strategy/prop_2003/adopted_guidelines_2003_en.htm
    [3] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/employment_strategy/index_en.htm

  • Article
    5 Srpen 2003

    On 8 July 2003, the Fraser Institute, a Canadian free market think-tank,
    released its latest annual report on Economic freedom of the world [1], drawn
    up in conjunction with members of the Economic Freedom Network [2] (a group
    of similar institutes around the world). The report, published since 1996,
    uses the most recent internationally comparable data available - referring to
    2001 in this case - to provide a ranking of 123 nations according to their
    degree of 'economic freedom', defined as 'personal choice, voluntary
    exchange, freedom to compete, and protection of the person and property'.
    According to the 2003 study, Germany stood in 20th place in the economic
    freedom rankings, down from 13th place in the 2002 report (having stood at
    12th in 1995, 10th in 1990 and eighth in 1985).

    [1] http://www.fraserinstitute.ca/shared/readmore.asp?sNav=pb&id=551
    [2] http://www.freetheworld.com/

  • Article
    4 Srpen 2003

    In August 2002, parliament removed the director of Slovak Television
    (Slovenská televízia, STV), the country's public broadcaster. The grounds
    were that he had signed a new collective agreement which awarded STV
    management excessive redundancy pay entitlements (SK0211102N [1]).
    Consequently, the vacancy was advertised and 40 candidates applied for the
    position. The Slovak Television Council (Rada Slovenskej televízie, Rada
    STV) - a body which is elected by parliament and is responsible for STV's
    objectivity and independence - proposed two candidates from among the
    applicants and parliament subsequently selected Richard Rybnicek as the new
    STV director. Parliament made the decision in the light of Mr Rybnicek's
    stated vision for STV's operation and of his TV management experience (he is
    a former director of a private TV station). On 15 January 2003, Mr Rybnicek
    was officially installed as the new STV director.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/new-collective-agreement-at-slovak-tv-contributes-to-directors-dismissal

Series

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

Forthcoming publications