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  • Article
    27 Říjen 1999

    On 13 October 1999, during talks between Klaus Zwickel, the president of the
    IG Metall metalworkers' union, and Walter Riester, the Federal Minister of
    Labour, both parties agreed in principle on a concept for early retirement at
    the age of 60. The basic idea is that, from the age of 60, older employees
    should be given the opportunity of voluntary early retirement without
    reductions in their pension rights. Currently, those taking early retirement
    have to accept a 0.3% reduction in their pension for every month of early
    retirement. Since a standard retirement pension is paid from the age of 65,
    early retirement at the age of 60 would lead to an 18% reduction in the
    pension. In order to avoid such cuts in pensions because of early retirement,
    the Ministry of Labour has now agreed to create the legal preconditions by
    which reductions in pensions could be compensated by additional payments to
    the statutory pension scheme. Regarding the financing of these additional
    payments, however, the Federal government has made it clear that it will
    accept neither further public payments nor an increase in normal pension
    insurance contributions.

  • Article
    27 Říjen 1999

    A draft report on reform of the public sector pay determination system -
    drawn up for the government by the economic consultants Fitzpatrick
    Associates- suggests a menu of options for pay reform which would form the
    basis for future centralised pay negotiations. A draft of the report -
    /Review of public service pay determination, report to the Departments of
    Finance and the Taoiseach/, August 1999 - which is due to be formally handed
    to government in the near future was featured in the 23 September 1999 issue
    of the Dublin-based /Industrial Relations News/ (IRN).

  • Article
    27 Říjen 1999

    Social partner and institutional initiatives aimed at raising the profile of
    fundamental civil and social rights and enshrining them in some form of
    European consolidated basic text, have been underway for many years, although
    this issue has recently gained a particularly high profile.

  • Article
    27 Říjen 1999

    On 8 September 1999, Michelin, the French-owned tyre manufacturer, announced
    higher returns: net half-yearly profits - excluding minority interests - rose
    by 17.3% to EUR 292 million, on a turnover up by 3.8% to EUR 6.49 billion;
    while the operating margin increased from 8.2 % of turnover in 1998 to 9.4%
    in 1999. Nevertheless, the Michelin group's management did not consider this
    performance satisfactory and wants to boost competitiveness by 20% and in
    particular to address a perceived area of vulnerability - prices. On the same
    day it announced that there would be 7,500 job losses in its European
    operations - 10% of its European workforce - over three years. The stock
    market marked its approval of both Michelin's improved performance and - in
    the words of the head of Michelin's European operations - the "European
    productivity drive strategy" by sending Michelin shares up 12.5% the day
    after the announcement. Financial analysts believe that Michelin is trying to
    reassure the stock market prior to an attempt to secure credit for the
    acquisition of a competitor. The French multinational must thus demonstrate
    its resolve to boost profits. The Michelin group, which has the extremely
    rare legal status of a "limited partnership with capital" (commandite par
    actions), giving total autonomy to management, is 30% owned by the Michelin
    family and 40% by British, US and Japanese pension funds.

  • Article
    27 Říjen 1999

    On 19 October 1999, between 60,000 and 70,000 public service employees went
    to Berlin to demonstrate against government plans to limit pay increases for
    Germany's 2 million or so career public servants (Beamte) to the level of
    inflation over the next two years. The federal government had already
    announced this intention in June 1999 as part of its new state Budget
    consolidation plan [1]. There were two demonstrations against the government
    - one organised by several unions affiliated to the German Federation of
    Trade Unions (Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund, DGB) and the other by the German
    Federation of Career Public Servants (Deutscher Beamtenbund, DBB).

    [1] http://www.bundesregierung.de/english/01/0102/04847/index.html

  • Article
    27 Říjen 1999

    A nationwide strike by nurses in Ireland's state-funded hospitals, which
    began on 19 October 1999, is a test of strength between the government and
    the nursing unions, led by the largest of these, the Irish Nurses'
    Organisation (INO). The strike affected all hospital services, except for
    emergency procedures. The key issue for the nurses is their bid to enhance
    both their pay and professional status to a level which they feel is
    commensurate with their qualifications and the demands which their work
    places on them.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

Forthcoming publications

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