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  • Article
    27 Říjen 1999

    A nationwide strike by nurses in Ireland's state-funded hospitals, which
    began on 19 October 1999, is a test of strength between the government and
    the nursing unions, led by the largest of these, the Irish Nurses'
    Organisation (INO). The strike affected all hospital services, except for
    emergency procedures. The key issue for the nurses is their bid to enhance
    both their pay and professional status to a level which they feel is
    commensurate with their qualifications and the demands which their work
    places on them.

  • Article
    27 Říjen 1999

    On 8 September 1999, Michelin, the French-owned tyre manufacturer, announced
    higher returns: net half-yearly profits - excluding minority interests - rose
    by 17.3% to EUR 292 million, on a turnover up by 3.8% to EUR 6.49 billion;
    while the operating margin increased from 8.2 % of turnover in 1998 to 9.4%
    in 1999. Nevertheless, the Michelin group's management did not consider this
    performance satisfactory and wants to boost competitiveness by 20% and in
    particular to address a perceived area of vulnerability - prices. On the same
    day it announced that there would be 7,500 job losses in its European
    operations - 10% of its European workforce - over three years. The stock
    market marked its approval of both Michelin's improved performance and - in
    the words of the head of Michelin's European operations - the "European
    productivity drive strategy" by sending Michelin shares up 12.5% the day
    after the announcement. Financial analysts believe that Michelin is trying to
    reassure the stock market prior to an attempt to secure credit for the
    acquisition of a competitor. The French multinational must thus demonstrate
    its resolve to boost profits. The Michelin group, which has the extremely
    rare legal status of a "limited partnership with capital" (commandite par
    actions), giving total autonomy to management, is 30% owned by the Michelin
    family and 40% by British, US and Japanese pension funds.

  • Article
    27 Říjen 1999

    On 19 October 1999, between 60,000 and 70,000 public service employees went
    to Berlin to demonstrate against government plans to limit pay increases for
    Germany's 2 million or so career public servants (Beamte) to the level of
    inflation over the next two years. The federal government had already
    announced this intention in June 1999 as part of its new state Budget
    consolidation plan [1]. There were two demonstrations against the government
    - one organised by several unions affiliated to the German Federation of
    Trade Unions (Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund, DGB) and the other by the German
    Federation of Career Public Servants (Deutscher Beamtenbund, DBB).

    [1] http://www.bundesregierung.de/english/01/0102/04847/index.html

  • Article
    27 Říjen 1999

    On 14 September 1999, Denmark's largest employers' organisation and trade
    union confederation - the Danish Employers' Confederation (Dansk
    Arbejdsgiverforening, DA) and the Danish Confederation of Trade Unions
    (Landsorganisationen i Danmark, LO) respectively - concluded an "agreement on
    the framework for the arrangement of decentralised collective bargaining
    rounds" (DK9909148N [1]). The agreement will control forthcoming bargaining
    rounds in the area of the private sector covered by DA and LO. The next
    negotiations on the renewal of collective agreements start at the end of
    1999, and must be completed, at the latest, by 1 March 2000 when the current
    agreements expire. The intention of LO and DA's new so-called "climate
    agreement" (klima-aftale) is to create a framework which can, to the greatest
    possible extent, help prevent a repetition of the major industrial dispute
    which broke out in spring 1998, when their member organisations last
    negotiated agreements (DK9805168F [2]).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/lo-and-da-conclude-anti-dispute-agreement
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-industrial-relations/parliament-intervenes-to-end-major-conflict

  • Article
    27 Říjen 1999

    A study of pay and working conditions in Portugal in 1997, published by the
    Ministry of Labour and Solidarity in autumn 1999, reveals a picture of
    relatively high collective bargaining coverage, falling working time and
    increasing pay differentials.

  • Article
    27 Říjen 1999

    A demonstration of lorry and bus drivers was organised by the European
    Transport Workers' Federation (ETF) on 5 October 1999, designed to highlight
    the continuing lack of action on the regulation of working time in the road
    transport sector for mobile workers and self-employed drivers.

  • Article
    27 Říjen 1999

    Since the late 1980s, UK policy-makers, the Confederation of British Industry
    and the Trades Unions Congress have stressed that national economic
    competitiveness and prosperity depend crucially on a highly skilled,
    adaptable and motivated workforce. Since coming to power in May 1997, the
    Labour government has also tended to see "upskilling" as a solution to a wide
    range of problems, from productivity and competitiveness to unemployment and
    social exclusion. Education and training has therefore been one of the most
    active areas of government policy, with a raft of new initiatives, showing
    elements of both continuity and discontinuity with the policies of previous
    Conservative administrations (UK9906109F [1]).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/skills-and-training-policies-reviewed

  • Article
    27 Říjen 1999

    In October 1999, the Italian government's proposed budget law led to a
    further worsening of the already strained relations between the two largest
    trade union organisations, Cisl and Cgil. Cisl strongly disagreed with the
    government's budget proposals and organised a national demonstration for
    November 1999 in Rome, without the other unions.

  • Article
    27 Říjen 1999

    In October 1999, while a number of member unions of the Dutch Trade Union
    Federation (FNV) examined mergers aimed at maintaining their strength, a
    major internal conflict flared up within the AbvaKabo civil servants' union,
    one of FNV's largest affiliates. Meanwhile, FNV's membership growth has
    stagnated.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications

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