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  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    August 1999 saw the publication of legislation that will bring about sweeping
    changes in the system of penalties imposed in cases of violations of
    Portugal's labour law. The new system divides violations into categories
    according to their seriousness, and fines will vary according to whether
    there is gross neglect or intent, and the size of the enterprise.

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    Danish companies have access to one of Europe's most favourable selections of
    courses, guidance and educational planning schemes, which are paid for by the
    state. This includes adult vocational training schools (AMU centres), which
    spend somewhere in the region of DKK 2 billion a year on offering highly
    specialised courses designed to meet companies' needs. Trade and industry
    still has considerable influence on which courses these schools offer.

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    The 1999 annual conference of the UK's Trades Union Congress (TUC) took place
    on 13-16 September. The agenda covered a wide range of employment issues and
    featured speeches by a number of government ministers including the Prime
    Minister, Tony Blair, and the trade and industry secretary Stephen Byers.

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    In July 1999, during negotiations over the renewal of company agreements at
    the Meridiana airline, pilots and flight attendants staged Italy's first
    "virtual strike". During the four-hour "virtual strike", the employees worked
    as usual but without being paid, while Meridiana undertook to donate the
    receipts from the flights involved to humanitarian organisations. However,
    this use of such alternative forms of industrial action, as provided for by a
    December 1998 agreement for the transport sector, raises a series of
    technical problems. In the Meridiana case, the Minister of Transport will
    have to issue an arbitration award to define the obligations of the two
    sides, particularly as regards the sum to be paid by the company.

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    The Council of Economic and Financial Affairs Ministers reached agreement on
    8 October 1999 on a Directive amending Directive 77/388/EEC on tax
    harmonisation [1], enabling Member States, on an experimental basis, to apply
    a reduced rate of value-added tax (VAT) on certain labour-intensive services.
    The new Directive was to be formally adopted at a subsequent Council meeting.

    [1] http://europa.eu.int/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexapi!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=en&numdoc=31977L0388&model=guichett

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    In September 1999, the Dutch Minister of Social Affairs opened the door to
    allowing individuals seeking asylum in the Netherlands to participate in the
    labour market, and the State Secretary of Justice is to present a plan for an
    adapted collective agreement to cover asylum-seekers. Small and medium-sized
    employers and the temporary agency work sector supported this idea, pointing
    to current labour shortages. The central employers' organisation, VNO-NCW,
    and the liberal VVD party, which is a member of the governing coalition, are
    opposed to asylum-seekers participating fully in the labour market.

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    On 10-11 September 1999, in the German city of Haltern, more than 60 leading
    representatives of trade unions from Belgium, Germany, Luxembourg and the
    Netherlands held their third joint annual meeting. They evaluated the 1999
    collective bargaining rounds in the countries involved and discussed future
    trade union bargaining strategies.

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    In view of the powerful earthquake that struck Athens on 7 September 1999,
    the Athens Labour Centre (EKA) has asked the government to take immediate
    steps to provide relief for victims' families as well as the homeless.

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    The pay stability which has served to underpin Ireland's various national
    programmes since 1987 could unravel if recent public sector pay disputes
    involving nurses, the police and transport employees are not resolved within
    the confines of the current three-year Partnership 2000 [1] (P2000) national
    agreement (IE9702103F [2]).

    [1] http://www.irlgov.ie/taoiseach/publication/p2000/default.htm
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/social-partners-agree-three-year-national-programme

Series

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2020

    ​Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2020, the seventh edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications