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  • Article
    27 Říjen 1999

    On 2-3 September 1999, the European Trade Union Federation - Textiles
    Clothing and Leather (ETUF-TCL) adopted guidelines on collective bargaining
    coordination, in the form of an internal sectoral protocol. The guidelines
    constitute the latest step towards the promotion of social dialogue and the
    coordination of collective bargaining policy in the sectors covered by
    ETUF-TCL. European-level social dialogue in these sectors has so far resulted
    in developments such as a code of conduct on minimum human rights at work
    (EU9709150N [1]) and a charter on child labour (EU9810131F [2]).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/social-partners-in-the-textiles-industry-sign-first-european-code-of-conduct
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-working-conditions/social-partners-in-footwear-sector-extend-charter-on-child-labour-to-cover-retail

  • Article
    27 Říjen 1999

    The results of the 1998 Workplace Employee Relations Survey [1] (WERS 98),
    published in September 1999, show that job security guarantees are
    significantly more widespread in the financial services sector than in almost
    every other part of the economy. Staff in almost 40% of workplaces in
    financial services are covered by a job security or no-compulsory redundancy
    policy. This compares with just 8% of all private sector workplaces, and 21%
    of establishments in the public sector.

    [1] http://www.dti.gov.uk/IR/emar/1998wers.htm

  • Article
    27 Říjen 1999

    The privatisation of the Italian electric utility, Enel, began at the end of
    October 1999. On 30 September 1999, the Ministry of Industry and trade unions
    signed an agreement setting out binding employment and industrial relations
    criteria for the privatisation of the company, which may set an example for
    future privatisations and liberalisation in Italy.

  • Article
    27 Říjen 1999

    In October 1999, the parties in the Netherlands' coalition government reached
    a compromise on proposed legislation which will give part-time employees the
    right to reduce or increase their working hours. Under the draft law, trade
    unions and employers can make alternative arrangements in collective
    agreements, otherwise this legal right applies. Employers can only deny
    employee requests to increase or cut working hours on the grounds that this
    specifically conflicts with business interests.

  • Article
    27 Říjen 1999

    September and October 1999 have been marked by a number of protest actions
    against expenditure cuts in some areas of the Danish public sector. These
    have notably included actions by parents in Copenhagen and some other
    municipalities against cutbacks in the area of daycare for children, and by
    primary school teachers in several municipalities against cutbacks in their
    area, related to the adoption of municipal budgets for 2000. These budgets
    must, by law, be settled by 15 October 1999 and objections could thus occur
    up until this point.

  • Article
    27 Říjen 1999

    On 19 October 1999, the bill on France's second law on the 35-hour working
    week was passed on its first reading by the National Assembly. This
    legislation, which should become law by the end of 1999, lays down new
    statutory norms for the duration of working time and continues a policy of
    reducing social security contributions on low-waged jobs.

  • Article
    27 Říjen 1999

    A joint committee established by the Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions
    (Landsorganisasjonen i Norge, LO) and the Confederation of Norwegian Business
    and Industry (Næringslivets Hovedorganisasjon, NHO) has been considering
    changes to Norwegian working time schedules. The committee's report examines
    different aspects of the issue of working time, as well as flexibility in a
    short- and long-term perspective. The report, which was made public in
    September 1999, originates in the 1998 spring pay settlement, when the
    Norwegian United Federation of Trade Unions (Fellesforbundet) and the
    Federation of Norwegian Manufacturing Industries (Teknologibedriftenes
    Landsforening, TBL) jointly asked their main confederations to deliberate
    over the issue of future working time schedules (NO9805164F [1]). The request
    received support from the social partners in other bargaining areas. The
    parties emphasise that the committee's mandate is to look at both "the
    individual employee's need for increased flexibility at various stages in
    working life, and the need of companies for flexibility in the face of
    increasing competition".

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-working-conditions-business/spring-1998-bargaining-round-produced-higher-pay-increases-than-expected

  • Article
    27 Říjen 1999

    A ministerial conference to address issues related to equal opportunities and
    employment was held in Helsinki on 30 September and 1 October 1999, organised
    by the Finnish Ministry of Employment, Social Affairs and Health as part of
    the Finnish EU Presidency. The conference was attended by the new
    Commissioner for Employment and Social Affairs Anna Diamantopoulou and by
    ministers from national governments with responsibility for employment and
    equality issues (as well as members of the European Parliament and social
    partner representatives). The conference focused on "mainstreaming" the
    gender aspect both in employment policy and when integrating social security
    and taxation issues into employment policy.

  • Article
    27 Říjen 1999

    On 23 September 1999, the Department of Health announced that negotiations
    with the British Medical Association (BMA) about junior doctors' working
    hours and overtime pay had resulted in a draft agreement on new contractual
    arrangements. The negotiations followed a decision by the BMA junior doctors'
    conference in June to move to a ballot on industrial action over long hours
    and low overtime pay (UK9906113N [1]). According to the Department of Health,
    the proposed agreement would "modernise junior doctors' pay, reduce hours and
    improve working conditions", and would "provide the opportunity, over a
    three-year period, to see that junior doctors on average work no more than 56
    hours a week".

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/eu-social-affairs-council-decision-fuels-junior-doctors-grievances-over-working-hours

Series

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications

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