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  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    In September 1999, after 20 months of bargaining, trade unions and employers
    in Spain's savings banks sector have still been unable to reach a new
    collective agreement.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    Negotiations between the Swedish Road Transport Employer's Association
    (Biltrafikens Arbetsgivarförbund, BA), and the Swedish Transport Worker's
    Union (Svenska Transportarbetareförbundet, Transport) over a new collective
    agreement for taxi drivers and taxi telephone exchange operators finally
    failed on 8 August 1999. On 17 August, Transport gave notice to the taxi-cab
    companies of a blockade of all passenger traffic, including related work at
    the taxi telephone exchanges, to and from the largest Swedish airports -
    Arlanda and Bromma (Stockholm), Landvetter (Gothenburg) and Sturup (Malmö).
    If the subsequent mediation process is not successful, the blockade was due
    to start in the night of 2-3 September 1999. At the time of writing (late
    August) nothing had been reported so far on the work of the two mediators.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    In July 1999, the Finnish social partners reached an agreement on some major
    reforms to early retirement and pensions. These reforms, together with the
    programme for older workers and the third stage of a scheme to fund adult
    training out of unemployment insurance, aim to increase the average
    retirement age step by step.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    The president of the Austrian Trade Union Federation (Österreichischer
    Gewerkschaftsbund, ÖGB) set out three medium-term policy goals in an
    interview with the /Der Standard/ daily newspaper at the end of July 1999:
    more full-time employment; a reduction in spurious self-employment; and
    income-based accession criteria for countries seeking to join the EU. An
    overhaul of the social security system, particularly its financing, and a
    re-evaluation of male and female occupations in terms of pay, were added to
    the list of priorities at the end of August. In the newspaper interview,
    theÖGB president stated that in the short run - the autumn of 1999 - the
    harmonisation of the legal treatment of wage earners and salary earners would
    take top priority (AT9906153N [1]). He did not rule out major demonstrations
    over this issue, estimated to affect 1.2 million people directly, with action
    scheduled for the second week of September, after the school holidays. The
    national general elections to be held on 3 October would not influence the
    ÖGB's determination to push the issue. Other short-term goals are:

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/wage-and-salary-earners-remain-unequal

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    In August 1999, the Finnish government decided that in future unemployed
    people in many districts will have to accept work from a wider geographical
    area than earlier, or lose their benefits. One aim of this change is to
    reduce recruitment bottlenecks. Employers have long been pushing for such
    measures to "activate" unemployed people and alleviate bottlenecks, while
    trade unions wanted to retain the present situation.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    In July 1999, the FEB/VBO employers' organisation responded to the coalition
    agreement of Belgium's new government. It welcomes the new coalition's
    intention to reduce employers' social charges, but firmly rejects any
    measures to encourage reductions in working time or any negotiations on this
    subject. The employers also demand structural reforms of social security.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    in late July 1999, the French cabinet approved the second bill on the 35-hour
    week, which follows up the first law on the subject adopted in June 1998. The
    new bill establishes a two-year "adjustment period", in particular for the
    question of overtime payments.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    The 1998 strike statistics, published in summer 1999 by the Austrian Trade
    Union Federation (Österreichischer Gewerkschaftsbund, ÖGB), shows the year
    to have been free of strikes, including unauthorised strikes. After 1994 and
    1996, this was the third year in the 1990s without strike activity, while in
    1995 the figure was near nil (AT9707124N [1]). In 1997, there were 153,000
    hours, or 1,913 days, of strike action in the public service when internal
    revenue and customs staff struck twice in June, involving about 25,800
    participants (AT9706117F [2])- there were thus about 0.3 minutes of strike
    action per Austrian employee.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/another-year-without-strikes
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-working-conditions/civil-service-strikes

Series

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

Forthcoming publications