Browse publications

Latest publications

  • Article
    27 Říjen 1999

    On 13 October 1999, the National Union of Teachers (Lärarnas Riksförbund,
    LR) finished drawing up its demands for the coming pay negotiations. The
    claims are the same as those agreed by the second, larger teachers'
    organisation, the Teachers' Union (Lärarförbundet, LF), a week before.

  • Article
    27 Říjen 1999

    The national minimum wage, introduced in April 1999 (UK9904196F [1]), has
    "not had a significantly adverse effect on the UK economy," according to
    evidence submitted by the Confederation of British Industry (CBI) to the Low
    Pay Commission. The UK's principal employers' organisation believes that the
    "downside risks" of the national minimum wage have been "contained", due to
    the "prudent level" at which it was set. The CBI remains opposed to the
    indexation of the national minimum wage, and argues that any proposed
    increase should be considered in the light of economic conditions.


  • Article
    27 Říjen 1999

    John Larsen, the chair of the Cartel of Building, Construction and
    Woodworkers' Unions (Bygge-, Anlægs- og Trækartellet, Bat-kartellet) -
    affiliated to the Danish Confederation of Trade Unions (Landsorganisationen i
    Danmark, LO) - has sharply criticised the Ministry of Labour's proposal, made
    at the end of July 1999, for new rules on the posting of workers. The
    proposal (/Udkast til forslag til lov om udstationering af lønmodtagere/)
    seeks to transpose into Danish law the EU Directive concerning the posting of
    workers in the framework of the provision of services (96/71/EC) [1]. The
    basic principle of the Directive is that a basic core of working conditions
    and pay provisions in effect in a Member State should be applicable both to
    workers from that state, and those from other EU countries posted to work
    there. The core rules include matters such as working time, holidays, minimum
    pay rates, health and safety and equality.


  • Article
    27 Říjen 1999

    On 27 September 1999, at a joint press conference, the Fritz Verzetnitsch
    president of the Austrian Trade Union Federation (Österreichischer
    Gewerkschaftsbund, ÖGB) and Heinz Fischer, the first president of the
    Austrian parliament and a high-ranking representative of the Social
    Democratic Party (Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs, SPÖ), announced
    that the ÖGB-led "Aktion Fairness" campaign would be pursued in parliament.
    This programme is aimed at harmonising the treatment in employment law of
    blue- and white-collar workers: the legal protection given to the two
    categories differs in areas such as compensation during sick leave and
    regulations governing dismissal. A parliamentary initiative on this issue is
    to be one of the SPÖ's first activities in parliament following the October
    general election.

  • Article
    27 Říjen 1999

    In 1998, Finland's SAK trade union confederation launched a project to
    promote the ability of its members and their families to cope in the
    information society, offering members an opportunity to buy a cheap computer
    package. The project has proved a success, with 44% of SAK members now
    stating that they use a computers. In October 1999, the confederation decided
    to continue the campaign.

  • Article
    27 Říjen 1999

    In September 1999, a study was published on the subject of the significance
    of pay for increased effectiveness and productivity in Swedish municipalities
    and rural districts. The survey was ordered by the municipal employers'
    organisation, the Swedish Association of Local Authorities (Svenska
    Kommunförbundet, Kommunförbundet) and carried out by the National Institute
    of Working Life (Arbetslivsinstitutet, ALI). Of 4,700 employees, managers and
    politicians on municipal executive boards surveyed in spring 1999, some 80%
    responded. Sweden is divided into 289 municipalities and rural districts
    (kommuner). In November 1998, there were 738,000 persons employed by the
    organisations represented by Kommunförbundet, three out of four of whom work
    in public services such as medical provision, geriatric care and education.

  • Article
    27 Říjen 1999

    A new centralised incomes policy agreement seems unlikely to materialise in
    Finland, after the board of the SAK trade union confederation stated on 27
    September 1999 that the preconditions for such an agreement are lacking. This
    was because 10 SAK affiliates announced that they wanted a sector-level
    bargaining round, in order to address sector-specific problems (such as
    outsourcing) that have accumulated under previous centralised agreements. The
    employers, on the other hand, see no need for this.

  • Article
    27 Říjen 1999

    On 19 October 1999, after six weeks of industrial action (SE9908186N [1]), a
    new collective agreement for the taxi cab sector was signed between the
    Swedish Road Transport Employers' Association (Biltrafikens
    Arbetsgivarförbund, BA) and the Swedish Transport Workers' Union (Svenska
    Transportarbetareförbundet, Transport). The agreement gives all those
    drivers, telephone operators at taxi companies and limousine chauffeurs with
    a fixed salary a pay rise of SEK 500 per month.


  • Article
    27 Říjen 1999

    At the end of September 1999, a study was published examining the
    significance of labour market and employment conditions for workers'
    willingness to criticise their working environment. Two researchers at the
    National Institute of Working Life (Arbetslivsinstitutet, ALI), professor
    Gunnar Aronsson and Klas Gustafsson, surveyed, with the support of Statistics
    Sweden (Statistiska Centralbyrån), some 3,800 individuals. The study
    indicates, among other findings, that employees in the public sector are not
    better off in terms of freedom of speech than workers in the private sector.
    The tendency is rather in the opposite direction.

  • Article
    27 Říjen 1999

    A pay agreement for 60,000 building workers was concluded on 11 October 1999
    by the employers' organisation, the Swedish Construction Federation
    (Byggentreprenörerna), and the Building Workers' Union (Svenska
    Byggnadsarbetareförbundet, Byggnads). The agreement provides for a pay rise
    of 3%, which is the current norm among most Swedish pay agreements expiring
    on 31 March 2001. The new construction agreement will expire on the same date
    and is hence valid for 18 months.


  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, launched in April 2020, with five rounds completed at different stages during 2020, 2021 and 2022. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

Forthcoming publications

No results were found.