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  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    At the beginning of September 1999, the National Labour Market Board
    (Arbetsmarknadsstyrelsen, AMS) issued statistics revealing that some 318,000
    people were unemployed at the end of August 1999 - 7% of the labour force or
    5.7% of the population between the ages of 16 and 64 years. The August figure
    is 56,000 down on the July level, and almost 17,000 lower than a year
    previously (unemployment always falls after the summer, due to more people
    finding work and due to people transferring to various forms of education and
    training). The AMS statistics are based on material collected monthly from
    job centres across Sweden.

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    In a survey by the Confederation of British Industry (CBI), published on 13
    September 1999 and coinciding with the start of the annual conference of the
    Trades Union Congress (UK9909128N [1]), 85% of firms questioned thought that
    the administrative burden caused by employment legislation has increased over
    the past year, 17% believing that it had "increased a lot". The impact of the
    EU working time Directive is reported to be "causing easily the most
    headaches".

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/trade-unions-debate-future-strategy

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    In order to promote the growth of supplementary pension funds, in autumn 1999
    the Italian government has proposed scrapping the end-of-service allowance
    (Tfr), a part of workers' pay which is put aside and paid in a lump sum at
    the end of the employment relationship. Two alternatives are being
    considered: compulsory payment of the Tfr into supplementary pension funds,
    or its gradual inclusion in workers' pay packets. The social partners are
    sceptical.

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    With the private sector's major industrial dispute of spring 1998 in mind
    (DK9805168F [1]), the Danish Confederation of Trade Unions
    (Landsorganisationen i Danmark, LO) and the Danish Employers' Confederation
    (Dansk Arbejdsgiverforening, DA), have decided to make joint arrangements for
    the 2000 collective bargaining round, in order to avoid a repetition of the
    conflict. The two confederations have thus entered a framework "agreement
    laying down rules for decentralised (ie sector level) bargaining within the
    DA/LO area". The so-called "climate agreement", which was presented on 14
    September 1999, seeks to maintain the right of the two confederations'
    individual member organisations to conduct decentralised negotiations, while
    at the same time committing DA and LO to work resolutely towards a settlement
    and to try to avoid a collapse of negotiations.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-industrial-relations/parliament-intervenes-to-end-major-conflict

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    In 9 September 1999, the European Commission issued the draft 1999 Joint
    Employment Report [1] and the draft Employment Guidelinesfor 2000 [2]. The
    former charts the progress made by different Member States in the
    implementation of the 1999 Employment Guidelines [3] (EU9810130F [4]) and the
    impact of these measures on the Community's overall employment performance,
    and when finalised will be submitted by the Commission and the Council of
    Ministers to the European Council meeting in Helsinki in December 1999. The
    latter draw on these findings to make recommendations on priorities for EU
    and Member State employment policies in the coming year. In addition, the
    Commission proposed that the Council of Ministers make a series of
    recommendations to individual Member States on the implementation of their
    employment policies. The aim is both to emphasise the policy areas where
    Member States need to take further action, and to suggest indicators for the
    monitoring of any resulting improvements in the labour market situation.

    [1] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/empl&esf/empl2000/jer99_en.pdf
    [2] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/empl&esf/empl2000/eg2000_en.pdf
    [3] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/empl&esf/empl99/guide_en.htm
    [4] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/draft-employment-guidelines-for-1999-emphasise-continuity

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    The Norwegian United Federation of Trade Unions (Fellesforbundet) held its
    third national convention on 18-23 September 1999. Fellesforbundet is
    Norway's second largest trade union, with nearly 160,000 members in the
    metalworking, building, paper, agricultural and textiles industries. At the
    top of the agenda was the issue of international coordination of collective
    bargaining, with an emphasis on European coordination (TN9907201S [1]).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/erm/comparative-information/the-europeanisation-of-collective-bargaining

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    In September 1999, the European Commission's review of Member States'
    employment policies drew attention to Belgium's low rate of employment among
    workers aged over 55. This view has been supported by the FEB/VBO employers'
    organisation, but challenged by the FGTB/ABVV trade union confederation.

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    The board of directors of the Finnish-Swedish forestry products (wood, paper
    etc) group Stora Enso decided in April 1999 to establish a stock option
    programme for some employees. The final details of the programme were
    presented in August 1999, and it has been revealed that it covers about 200
    "key employees", that is managers and other senior staff, out of a total
    workforce of some 40,000. The participants in the programme have been
    guaranteed seven-year options that may be exercised from 15 July 2002. The
    options are so-called "synthetic options" that can be exercised against cash.
    The price is EUR 11.75 per share and the options are not transferable and
    expire if the employee leaves the company.

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    In 1998, working time was a major topic of debate among Spain's social
    partners. However, statistics on 1998's collective bargaining on working
    hours, published by the Economic and Social Council in summer 1999, reveal no
    great surprises and a few contradictory tendencies.

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    A recent study by the Dutch consultants EIM (based on data provided by the
    social partner organisations) found that there are currently over 1 million
    individuals working in the European hairdressing sector, in over 155,000
    salons. The nature of companies in the sector varies significantly, ranging
    from large high-street chains to small - often family-run - undertakings
    operated from private homes. The study found that European citizens visited
    hairdressers approximately eight or nine times per year, with some
    significant differences between countries, not only in the number of visits,
    but also in the average amount spent per visit. The share of part-time
    employment in this sector is relatively high and a number of countries have
    high levels of staff turnover. Trade unions are particularly concerned about
    low wages in the sector, while employers are more likely to raise the issue
    of high labour costs as a result of wage and tax burdens.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

Forthcoming publications

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