Publications

Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, r...Read more

Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articles on working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.

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Latest publications

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    On 27 May 1999, negotiators for the Federation of Salaried Employees in
    Industry and Services (Privattjänstemannakartellen, PTK) - the bargaining
    cartel for white-collar workers' unions in the private sector - announced
    that they could not accept a final offer from the Swedish Employers'
    Confederation (Svenska arbetsgivareföreningen, SAF) on a new "contribution
    pension" agreement. This agreement would have replaced the existing agreement
    on the supplementary pension scheme for salaried employees in industry and
    services (Industrins och handelns tilläggspensionför tjänstemän,ITP). The
    negotiations over a new collective agreement on the ITP had been continuing
    on off for almost five years, since 1994, and they failed because the trade
    unions could not come to an understanding among themselves. Two of the
    leading unions within PTK, representing more than half of the 620,000
    employees covered by the ITP scheme, refused to accept. The other 26 unions
    within the cartel decided, after long discussions, to follow this refusal,
    although they had initially accepted the offer. The dissenting unions were
    the Union for Technical and Clerical Employees in Industry (Svenska
    Industritjänstemannaförbundet, SIF) and the Association of Management and
    Professional Staff (Ledarna).

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    The dispute between the Scandinavian Airlines Systems (SAS) and its ground
    staff was resolved after a meeting between management and trade union
    representatives on 9 August 1999 in Stockholm, Sweden. On 14 July 1999,
    Norwegian ground staff who are members of the SAS Personnel Club (SAS
    Personalklubb) had resorted to industrial action, and refused to work
    overtime, in protest against the airline's possible plans to increase company
    earnings by means of outsourcing approximately 7,000 jobs in Norway, Sweden
    and Denmark (NO9907143N [1]). More SAS employees joined the strike on 27
    July.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/norwegian-sas-employees-refuse-to-work-extra-overtime

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    Statistics presented in June 1999 and produced by Statistics Sweden
    (Statistiska Centralbyrån) in cooperation with the Swedish National Board
    for Industrial and Technical Development (NUTEK), show a 9% fall in the
    establishment of new companies between 1997 and 1998. In 1998, a total of
    33,860 new companies were started, compared with 37,040 in 1997. For the
    preceding years, the corresponding figures were: 1996 - 36,010; 1995 -
    35,000; and 1994 - 34,670. The new companies created 55,200 new jobs in 1998,
    of which 26,000 were full-time jobs, the statistics also show. The equivalent
    figures for 1997 were 63,000 new jobs and 32,300 full-time jobs. The
    reduction has been most evident in the northern counties of Sweden - 22% in
    Gävleborg, 20% in Västernorrland and 16% in Västerbotten. The statistics
    are based on genuine new start-ups involving the establishment of new
    activities. The statistics do not include changes of ownership or of legal
    status, or other restructuring.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    On 20 July 1999, the government decided to finance the training of up to
    4,000 young people, if they cannot find training places with employers in
    1999-2000. This is the same allocation as for 1998-9 (AT9803175N [1]), when
    3,600 young people were placed - 2,100 in 10-month training courses and 1,500
    in three-year "apprenticeship-foundation" courses. Training course
    participants must have a ninth-grade school-leaving diploma (the ninth grade
    is around 15 years of age) and receive about half the regular apprentice's
    remuneration, while foundation course participants have not usually completed
    the ninth grade and receive three-quarters of the normal apprentice's
    remuneration.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/youth-employment-measures-agreed

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    A report entitled Survey evidence on wage rigidity and unemployment: Sweden
    in the 1990s [1] was presented on 29 June 1999. The study is based on two
    surveys, one conducted in 1991, the other in 1998, aiming to explore among
    managers from 157 companies in the Swedish manufacturing industry how a
    severe macroeconomic shock affects wage rigidity and unemployment. The
    research was carried out by two economists, Jonas Agell and Peter Lundborg,
    and funded by the Swedish government's Office of Labour Market Policy
    Evaluation (Institutet för arbetsmarknadspolitisk utvärdering, IFAU). In
    1998, when the second survey was conducted, the unemployment rate was much
    higher and the inflation rate much lower than when the first survey was
    carried out in 1991.

    [1] http://www.ifau.se/swe/pdf/agellwp.pdf

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    Since 1998, all EU Member States are obliged to draw up annual National
    Action Plans (NAP s) for employment (EU9805107N [1]) based on the EU's
    Employment Guidelines. Member States submitted NAPs for 1999 during summer
    1999, analysing implementation of the 1998 Plans and describing the policy
    adjustments made to incorporate the changes introduced by the 1999 Employment
    Guidelines [2] (EU9810130F [3]). Austria is no exception (AT9802164F [4]) and
    its 1999 NAP [5] was issued in June 1999.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/national-action-plans-for-employment-reviewed
    [2] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/empl&esf/empl99/guide_en.htm
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/draft-employment-guidelines-for-1999-emphasise-continuity
    [4] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/austria-draws-up-national-action-plan-on-employment
    [5] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/empl&esf/naps99/napau_en.pdf

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    General elections were held in Belgium on 13 June 1999, resulting in the
    defeat of the incumbent Christian Democrat/Socialist coalition. Negotiations
    then began at federal and community levels on creating a so-called "rainbow"
    coalition government. For the first time in its post-war history, Belgium
    will be ruled by a political majority of Liberals, Socialists and Greens,
    with the Christian Democrats being left on the sidelines.

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    On 21 July 1999, the general council of the Trades Union Congress (TUC)
    pledged its support for a campaign [1] organised by the Transport and General
    Workers' Union (TGWU) to try to win reinstatement for 270 workers sacked in
    November 1998 by the Lufthansa-owned airline catering company Skychefs.

    [1] http://www.tgwu.org.uk/news/support_skychefs.htm

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    After eight months of difficult negotiations, on 8 June 1999, Fim-Cisl,
    Fiom-Cgil and Uilm-Uil, the metalworkers' unions belonging to the three main
    trade union confederations, and the employers' associations Federmeccanica
    and Assistal accepted a mediation proposal put forward by the Minister of
    Labour, aimed at concluding the renewal of the collective agreement for the
    Italian metalworking industry. During June and July, the procedure for
    approval of the agreement involved consultation of trade union members on the
    Ministry of Labour's proposal, and a referendum of all workers on the text of
    the agreement agreed by the parties in June. In both consultations, the
    majority of votes were cast in favour of the agreement, which opened the way
    for its definitive signing.

Series

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

Forthcoming publications